What are good resume qualities

Knowledge & skills in the curriculum vitae

From Excel certificates to language vacations to a truck driver's license: When designing your résumé, you have the "Knowledge and skills" section lots of freedom - and that's where the difficulty often lies. While the information about your education or previous work experience is pretty clear which information the HR manager wants to see, many applicants are initially on the line. Because in the course of life you acquire a lot of knowledge and skills, but by no means all should be mentioned in your résumé.

Two basic rules for the rubric "knowledge and skills"

Before we devote ourselves to the common focal points of this category (foreign languages, IT skills and driving licenses), we would like to two key points hold tight. These two tips ultimately not only relate to the area of ​​"knowledge and skills", but are of enormous importance for the entire application:

Limit yourself to information that is relevant to the job you are aiming for!

It is remarkable that you can do 20 somersaults in a row and record this skill in elaborately self-produced videos on YouTube - but this has no meaning at all for your application as a nurse, because you will never apply this knowledge there. More is not necessarily better. Because your future employer is looking for an employee who should do very specific tasks. Make it clear with your résumé that you have this conditions have grown and focus on knowledge and skills that are useful to you in the advertised position. In the social media area, for example, your video editing skills are likely to be much more popular than in the hospital.

The more specific your information, the better!

The recruiter tries to see what you've got on the basis of your résumé. If you boast excessively of "advanced knowledge of Microsoft Office", however, he has little idea of ​​what that means. On the one hand, the Office package includes numerous programs that are certainly not all used in the targeted location. Highlight the software that is relevant to the job. And to be honest: Are you really advanced in using Microsoft Access, which is also part of the Office suite? On the other hand, a mere self-assessment always remains vague. Make your knowledge more tangible by making it clear where and how you have used it successfully. For example: "More than five years of experience in the professional use of Microsoft Excel, focus: material and purchasing planning." You will of course collect additional bonus points if you use these skills Certificates or Evidence of advanced training can underpin.

When preparing your application, keep in mind that the HR manager's time is usually limited.

  • The clearer, tighter and clearer you can bundle the crucial information, the better is the impression your documents make.

Those who provide precise and comprehensible arguments for employment will score. On the other hand, trivialities devour valuable time, do not underline your suitability and are therefore to be avoided at all costs.

State your foreign language skills on your résumé

Although there are now better alternatives, this is the Self-assessment your own foreign language skills are still common in your résumé. As a rule, these paraphrases are used, sorted from bad to good: basic knowledge, advanced knowledge, fluent in spoken and written, fluent in spoken and written, native language. You can only call yourself a native speaker if you learned the language as a child - no matter how good your knowledge is. In the résumé you also count the better knowledge first. A common design would be:

linguistic proficiency: German (mother tongue), English (fluent in spoken and written), French (basic knowledge)

Better, because it is easier to compare and can be documented with a final certificate, is, however, the classification according to the "Common European Framework of Reference for Languages“(GER). According to this agreement, foreign language skills can be divided into six levels, starting with the lowest level:

  • A1 and A2 (elementary use of the language),
  • followed by B1 and B2 (independent use of language)
  • and finally C1 and C2 (proficient use of the language).

Today, language courses at universities or adult education centers are usually tailored to this framework and are completed with appropriate evidence. However, mother tongues are still to be marked as such. In addition, practical experience with the language may be noted:

linguistic proficiency: German (mother tongue), English (level C1), Spanish (level B2, practically deepened through a semester abroad in Seville, Spain)

For some languages ​​there is also specialized tests, which allow an even better assessment of the language skills. For example ...

  • the well-known TOEFL test for English
  • DELF for French
  • DELE for Spanish

These classifications are usually only required for positions with a strong international focus - the fact that the employer wants a corresponding certificate is usually explicitly mentioned in the job advertisement. For the vast majority of employees, they are therefore superfluous.

EDP, computer or IT skills - what now?

Basic computer skills are mandatory in almost every industry today, because computer technology can be found in basically every workplace. So applicants want to make sure that their résumé shows relevant knowledge. But that is often easier said than done. Because many stumble at the first step: what is the right one Generic term for these skills?

The abbreviation EDV, which stands for "electronic data processing", has more or less become obsolete in this regard. It is reminiscent of Windows 95 and modems beeping and hissing for minutes. Anyone who types letters randomly into a Word document is already using electronic data processing - and that is certainly not what you want.

  • The more open and broader general terms “computer skills” or “IT skills” (the abbreviation IT stands for information technology) are therefore more suitable.

Ultimately, however, these are all just different Labels. What really matters for the HR manager is which one Facts hide behind it.

In contrast to language skills, however, there have not yet been any widely accepted designation standards. So it is still common Self-assessment, for example: basic knowledge, advanced knowledge, expert knowledge or solid, good or very good knowledge. The more precisely you can outline your skills, the better. In practice it could look like this:

IT skills: Very good knowledge of Microsoft Excel (routine handling of macros, formulas and references) and SAP (focus on merchandise management), good knowledge of Microsoft Word (format templates and mail merges) as well as basic knowledge of Adobe Photoshop (composition of diagrams)

Here too, of course, you should only list relevant knowledge and skills for the advertised position. Do not try to impress the HR manager with quantity - he is usually only interested in the quality. You can therefore earn big bonus points with the appropriate Certificates and Advanced training collect that prove your IT skills.

If you present yourself as a supposed IT messiah in this section, you should also be prepared to be able to prove your advertised skills in the interview or in the assessment center. It is well known that lies have short legs.

Include driver's license in your CV

Whether it is worthwhile for you to include your driver's license on your résumé, strongly depends on the desired position. Will you have to drive a car for the job - or maybe not?

  • It is very unlikely that a call center employee will be sent on a business trip in a car. A driver's license is not required for this job and does not have to be quoted. The situation is different with the sales force: They cannot even do their job without a driver's license.

From a purely formal point of view, it quickly becomes clear who can score points with a driver's license and who cannot. Many applicants nevertheless state that they have a driver's license, although this would not be essential for the job. Because anyone who can drive a car is usually more mobile and flexible. Ultimately, however, the employer doesn't care how you get to work - the main thing is that you are on time. In most applications, the driver's license remains at most a marginal note.

It looks quite different, of course special driving licenses Off: A warehouse clerk usually needs a forklift license, a bus driver a bus driver's license and so on. These must be listed for the relevant jobs in any case, because they are a prerequisite for doing the job.

Indicate further education and training under the heading "Knowledge and skills"?

Yes and no. Of course, certificates and evidence that underpin your stated knowledge and skills are beneficial. They give your information more credibility, make it more tangible. However, it can also be worthwhile to open a separate section in your résumé for further education and training if these courses are of central importance for your professional qualifications.

Let's take as example an industrial clerk who works in purchasing or goods procurement:

  • Microsoft Excel is one of the programs he uses every day. It is one of the tools that he uses to do his job. With further training in this program, he can prove that he has mastered this tool. It gives his information in "Knowledge and skills" area of the résumé is more credible and should be mentioned there accordingly (including training title and date of completion). However, there is no separate rubric for this advanced training course. Because the hypothetical industrial clerk is not a good buyer just because he knows Excel.
  • However, if he has learned in advanced training courses how to achieve better results in contract negotiations or how to prepare tailor-made needs analyzes, then these should be included in a special section for advanced and advanced training are listed. Ultimately, this knowledge increases his professional qualifications and makes him more attractive to potential employers. In this case, such courses are significantly more important than an Excel course and should be highlighted separately accordingly.

Last updated on 07/21/2020