What is only famous in Aligarh

News Aligarh - अलीगढ़ न्यूज़ | Aligarh Daily News

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Aligarh News in Hindi | News Aligarh | Live Aligarh
हिंदी में पाइए अलीगढ़ से सम्बंधित सभी समाचार अपने फ़ोन पर - अलीगढ़ का अग्रणी समाचार ऐप

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About Aligarh (अलीगढ़ के बारे में)

Aligarh was known by the earlier name of Kol or Koil before the 18th century. The name Kol covered not only the city but the entire district, though its geographical limits kept changing from time to time. The origin of the name is obscure. In some ancient texts, Kol has been referred to in the sense of a tribe or caste, name of a place or mountain and name of a sage or demon. From the study of the place names of the district, it appears that the district was once fairly well covered by forest, thickets and groves. The early history of the district through the 12th century AD is obscure. According to Edwin T. Atkinson, the name Kol was given to the city by Balarama, who slew here the great Asura (demon) Kol and with the assistance of the Ahirs subdued this part of the Doab. In another account, Atkinson points out a “legend” that Kol was founded by the Dor tribe of Rajputs in 372 AD. This could be further confirmed by an old fort, the Dor fortress, now in ruins, which lies at the city’s center.
Some time before the Muslim invasion, Kol was held by the Dor Rajputs and in the time of Mahmud of Ghazni the chief of the Dors was Hardatta of Baran. There is reason to believe that Kol was once the seat of a Buddhist community as statues of Buddha and other Buddhist remains have been found in excavations made in the eminence on which the citadel of Koil stood. It also had Hindu remains indicating that in all probability the citadel contained in succession a Buddhist and a Hindu temple.
In 1194 AD, Qutb-ud-din Aybak marched from Delhi to Koil which was "one of the most celebrated fortresses of Hind". Qutb-ud-din Aybak appointed Hisam-ud-din Ulbak as the first Muslim governor of Koil. Koil is also mentioned in Ibn Battuta's Rihla, when Ibn Battuta along with 15 ambassadors representing Ukhaantu Khan, the Mongol Emperor of the Yuan dynasty in China, traveled to Koil city en route to the coast at Cambay (in Gujarat) in 1341. According to Ibn Battuta, it would appear that the district was then in a very disturbed state since the escort of the Emperor's embassy had to assist in relieving Jalali from an attacking body of Hindus and lost one of their officers in the fight. Ibn Batuta calls Koil “a fine town surrounded by mango groves”. From these same groves, the environs of Koil would appear to have acquired the name of Sabzabad or “the green country”.
In the reign of Akbar, Koil was made a Sirkar and included the dasturs of Marahra, Kol ba Haveli, Thana Farida and Akbarabad Both Akbarand Jahangir visited Kol on hunting expeditions. Jahangir clearly mentions the forest of Kol, where he killed wolves.
Establishment of Aligarh Muslim University (1875): - In 1875, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan founded the Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College in Aligarh and patterned the college after Oxford and Cambridge universities that he had visited on a trip to England. This later became Aligarh Muslim University in 1920.

Just download and access all the news from Aligarh on your smartphone.

Aligarh News in Hindi | News Aligarh | Live Aligarh
पर में पाइए अलीगढ़ से सम्बंधित सभी समाचार पर पर पर - अलीगढ़ का अग्रणी समाचार ऐप

News Aligarh App brings you the latest headlines, breaking news, top stories from Aligarh and the various areas and villages of Aligarh. Keep an eye on the latest and greatest news on your phone - anytime, anywhere and on the go.

Stay up to date

A smart messaging app for any phone, anywhere
Your briefing will be updated throughout the day with short stories that News Aligarh has organized for you
News Aligarh is designed to meet the needs of users with different phones and connection levels.

About Aligarh (अलीगढ़ के बारे में)

Aligarh was known under the former name Kol or Koil before the 18th century. The name Kol encompassed not just the city but the entire district, although its geographical boundaries changed from time to time. The origin of the name is obscure. In some ancient texts, Kol was mentioned in the sense of a tribe or caste, the name of a place or mountain, and the name of a sage or demon. Examining the district's place names shows that the district was once fairly well covered by forest, thicket, and woodland. The early history of the district up to the 12th century AD is obscure. According to Edwin T. Atkinson, the city was given the name Kol by Balarama, who killed the great asura (demon) Kol here and, with the help of the Ahirs, subjugated this part of the Doab. In another report, Atkinson points to a "legend" that Col was founded in 372 AD by the Dor tribe of the Rajputs. This could be confirmed by an old fortress, the Dor Fortress, which is now in ruins and is in the center of the city.
Some time before the Muslim invasion, Kol was held by the Dor Rajputs and in the time of Mahmud of Ghazni was the chief of the Dors Hardatta of Baran. There is reason to believe that Kol was once the seat of a Buddhist community, as statues of Buddhas and other Buddhist remains were found during excavations in the Eminence where the Koil Citadel stood. There were also Hindu remains indicating that the citadel most likely contained a Buddhist and a Hindu temple, one after the other.
1194 AD Qutb-ud-din Aybak marched from Delhi to Koil, one of "one of the most famous fortresses of Hinds". Qutb-ud-din Aybak appointed Hisam-ud-din Ulbak as the first Muslim governor of Koil. Koil is also mentioned in Ibn Battutas Rihla when Ibn Battuta, along with 15 ambassadors from Ukhaantu Khan, the Mongolian emperor of the Yuan dynasty in China, traveled to Koil in 1341 en route to the coast in Cambay (in Gujarat) Ibn Battuta, it appears that the district was in a very disturbed state at the time, as the escort of the emperor's embassy had to help free Jalali from an attacking body of the Hindus and lost one of their officers in battle. Ibn Batuta calls Koil “a beautiful city surrounded by mango groves”. The area around Koil seems to have received the name Sabzabad or "the green land" from the same forests.
During the reign of Akbar, Koil was made Sirkar and included the Dasturs of Marahra, Kolba Haveli, Thana Farida and Akbarabad. Both Akbarand Jahangir visited Kol on hunting expeditions. Jahangir clearly mentions the Kol forest where he killed wolves.
Founding of the Aligarh Muslim University (1875): - In 1875 Sir Syed Ahmed Khan founded the Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College in Aligarh and based himself on the college at the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, which he had attended on a trip to England. This later became Aligarh Muslim University in 1920.