New Zealand is in the six nations
Country info: New Zealand
New Zealand is an island nation in the Southwest Pacific, about 1,600 km southeast of Australia. The country consists of two main and several smaller islands.
Due to the mild climate, New Zealand has distinctive lush pastures. With around 52.6 million sheep, the country is one of the largest producers of sheep meat, dairy products and wool in the world. Every year around 340,000 tons of wool are processed. Most of it is sold abroad as knitting wool.
The islands of New Zealand are located in a region with numerous volcanoes and are shaken by significant earthquakes every year. In the Maori language, the country is called Aotearoa - Land of the long white cloud, because it often rises above an active volcano.
From Berlin to the capital Wellington it is - as the crow flies - 17,747 km.
The climate is temperate and humid, the extreme north is almost subtropical, while the winters are cold in the south.
Native people and Maori
The Waitaha were a people who settled in New Zealand 2,000 years ago - around 1,300 years before the Maori. They developed a culture of peace in which there were no weapons. There was no word for war in their language either. When the Maori came to the islands, they did not share a love of peace and today only a few Waitaha live in New Zealand.
National park and volcanoes
The Tongariro National Park is located in the middle of the North Island of New Zealand, the government designated the area as a national park in 1907. There are three volcanoes in the park: Tongariro 1967 m, Ngauruhoe 2291 m and Ruapehu 2797 m.
The Ruapehu last erupted on September 23, 1995.
Many New Zealanders have kept the old British tradition of afternoon tea. It is always drunk between 3 p.m. and 4 p.m.
plants and animals
Due to clearing, the proportion of what used to be large forest areas has fallen sharply. Today less than 20% of the country is forested.
Around 20% of all plant species are found nowhere else in the world. The huge kauri or copal spruce grows very slowly, but the trees can be over 1,500 years old.
There are no native mammals except for two species of bats. Probably New Zealand's most famous bird is the chicken-sized brown-gray kiwi. For a long time he and many other flightless birds had no need to fear enemies, but today dogs, cats, rats, martens and other hunters also inhabit the island - with catastrophic consequences for the sensitive native fauna, especially for ground-breeders and small flightless animals.
There is compulsory schooling from 6 to 16 years of age. Attending state schools is free.
Sport plays an important role in the lives of New Zealanders. The most popular sports among teenagers and adults are swimming, diving, water polo, cycling, billiards, tennis and aerobics.
- In New Zealand there is no parking disc like in Germany. In each parking lot, one person makes chalk marks on car tires all day. If the parking time has expired, a check is made to see whether the cars with the chalk marks are still there.
- A lot of people walk barefoot in New Zealand. Then when it gets colder, people put on socks, but rarely shoes.
- In the rural areas of New Zealand, in addition to walking barefoot, rubber boots are very fashionable. However, this must be pulled out before entering a building. That is why there are numerous rubber boots in front of many shops.
In the upper left corner of New Zealand's flag there is a small image of the flag of Great Britain, because New Zealand used to be a colony of the country. The stars represent the "Southern Cross". This constellation can be seen in the sky all year round.
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