How long do termite treatments last

Adventure building in India

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1 A work report on the construction project for the German Consulate General in Calcutta West Bengal, from DGI Bauwerk mbh Lecture by Eva Walter, Dipl.-Ing. Architecture am: 30-19: 00 TH Wildau (FH) Hall 14, Large Lecture Hall Course Organization + Human Resources A r c h i t e c t u r & M a n a g e m e n t

2 Topics 1. Presentation 1.1 Office profile DGI Bauwerk 1.2 Team DGI Bauwerk 1.3 Projects 2. Task 2.1 Consulate General Calcutta Existing 2.2 Consulate General Calcutta Project 2.3 Consulate General Calcutta Program 2.4 Consulate General Calcutta Draft 3. Organization 3.1 Project participants 4. Special features India 4.2 Calcutta 4.3 Transport 4.4 Construction standards 4.5 Coordination 5. Result 5.1 Evaluation 5.2 Conclusion

3 1.1 Office profile DGI Bauwerk Foundation: 1985 Office size: 55 employees. Architects, engineers, others Previous project sizes: 0.5 to 480 million euros construction costs Certified quality management system Main focus of work: Building in existing hotel and commercial buildings Public administration Science + research Education and training Specialist planners for preventive structural fire protection Health and safety coordinators Damage reports Energy consulting Member of of the German Sustainable Building Council

4 1.2 Team DGI Bauwerk Dipl.-Ing. Architect BDA Bernd Tibes Managing Director Personal project references (extract) Date of birth Education Professional activity Function at DGI Professional experience TH Aachen, TU Berlin 1985 Founding DGI Bauwerk Managing Director / Owner 29 years Other: Freelance expert for damage to buildings Lecturer in construction management, quality management SiGeKo Hahn-Meitner Institute HFM, Berlin-Wannsee New construction of a technical center for high-field magnets Müritzeum Waren / Müritz New construction of a visitor center Augsburg University of Applied Sciences New construction of a data center with central library and cafeteria on the site of the former FAIR south car park (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) New construction of an accelerator center, Darmstadt Hahn-Meitner Institute - Neutron Guide Hall II, Berlin- Wannsee New building of a scientific research facility for structural research / neutrons AOK Zillestrasse Conversion and renovation of office buildings during ongoing operations

5 1.2 Team DGI Bauwerk Dipl.-Ing. Architecture Eva Walter Project coordination abroad, SiGeKo + Fire Protection Personal project references (extract) Date of birth Nationality German Education TU Berlin Professional activity since 2002 at DGI Professional experience 11 years German Consulate General Calcutta, India Planning of the new visa section with back office German Consulate General Bangalore, India Expansion of an existing Indian one Office building Müritzeum, Waren / Müritz Construction of an information and visitor center Helmholtz Center Berlin for materials + energy - New construction of a technical center for high field magnets - New construction of research hall NLH II - New construction of TEM laboratory building

6 1.2 Team DGI Bauwerk

7 1.3 Projects new building HafenCity University in Hamburg (HCU): DGI service LPH 6-9 HOAI building volume EUR 62 million period since 2007 design code unique architects Dresden new building HafenCity University Hamburg The University of Architecture and Spatial development can be realized. With the new building, the previously spatially separate disciplines of architecture, civil engineering, geomatics and urban planning are combined under one roof. The three required structures are grouped around a central square on the water, towards which the main entrance of the HafenCity University is oriented.

8 1.3 Projects Müritzeum, exhibition building with aquariums in Waren / Müritz: DGI service, contact architect of the Swedish design architects (planning advice, tendering, awarding of contracts, construction supervision, new construction of an exhibition building for natural history with aquariums, object supervision) Construction volume 18.00 million EUR Period of design Wingårdh Architektkontor, Müritzeum Waren / Müritz Göteborg As contact architects for our Swedish colleagues Wingårdh Arkitektkontor, we are realizing this fascinating building. The Müritz National Park holiday region presents the characteristics of the region to its visitors in this exhibition building.

9 2. Task 2.1 Consulate General Calcutta Existing: Started 2007 with expert opinion and consideration of variants Solutions sought: - Security access to the consulate area - Necessary enlargement of the visa section - Flooding building access and driveway - Fire protection in the existing building

10 2. Task 2.2 Consulate General Calcutta Project: - Outsourcing visa section with separate access, new building

11 2. Task 2.2 Consulate General Calcutta Project: - Demolition and new construction of the main entrance to the consulate area - Drainage of external facilities

12 2. Task 2.3 Consulate General Calcutta Program: Visa building with visitors and staff area - office rooms - archive - counter area - waiting room - sanitary facilities - guard house - staff access lock - visitors access lock - separation from the rest of the site

13 2. Task 2.3 Consulate General Calcutta Program: Main entrance to the consulate building - Guard house with control centers for security technology - Sanitary facilities - Person lock - Vehicle lock - Accommodation of personnel outside facilities - Height correction of the entrance to the existing building - Slope planning and drainage of the driveway

14 2. Task 2.4 Consulate General Calcutta Draft: - no floor plans - use of local building techniques and materials - consideration of climatic conditions

15 2. Task 2.4 Consulate General Calcutta Draft: - Natural stone floors inside and outside - if possible, compliance with German regulations, standards, laws

16 2. Task 2.4 Consulate General Calcutta Draft: - Visa building as a pavilion in the garden - flat sloping slate roof - large roof overhang against sun and rain - shady roofs in the outside area - planted areas

17 2. Task 2.4 Consulate General Calcutta Design: - profiled facade - structure by natural stone bands and window frames - window grilles

18 2. Task 2.4 Consulate General Calcutta Design: - Cubic guard houses with flat roof - three-shell outer skin with core insulation and cold storage - transparency of the security systems, fences instead of boundary walls

19 2. Task 2.4 Consulate General Calcutta Draft: - Protection of existing and old buildings

20 3. Organization 3.1 Project participants - Client: Foreign Office, Service Department - User: Consulate General Calcutta - General planning: DGI Bauwerk - Indian contact architect: under contract DGI Bauwerk with local consultants (IT, Elt) - ind. General contractor: with subcontractors - German company: security technology

21 3. Organization 3.1 Project participants - Client: Foreign Office, Service Department - User: Consulate General Calcutta - General planning: DGI Bauwerk - Indian contact architect: under contract DGI Bauwerk with local consultants (IT, Elt) - ind. General contractor: with subcontractors - German company: security technology

22 3. Organization 3.1 Project participants - Client: Foreign Office, Service Department - User: Consulate General Calcutta - General planning: DGI Bauwerk - Indian contact architect: under contract DGI Bauwerk with local consultants (IT, Elt) - ind. General contractor: with subcontractors - German company: security technology

23 3. Organization 3.1 Project participants - Client: Foreign Office, Service Department - User: Consulate General Calcutta - General planning: DGI Bauwerk - Indian contact architect: under contract DGI Bauwerk with local consultants (IT, Elt) - ind. General contractor: with subcontractors - German company: security technology

24 4.1 India distance: - advance planning necessary - time difference

25 4.1 India distance: - direct communication is an exception

26 4.1 India religion: - Holidays: state, Hindu, Muslim and local - Puja instead of laying the foundation stone and upon completion - Religious unrest paralyzes the work process

27 4.1 India society: - Great class differences - Achievement is not everything

28 4.1 India society: - Familiarity with European or American culture and language: -> through emigration and colonial times

29 4.1 India society: Education: - well trained engineers - unskilled workers - no craft training - insufficient placement

30 4.1 India society: Bureaucracy: - obscure, unreliable - environmental awareness not pronounced Working culture: - unpunctuality - late start of the working day - no rush - lack of error culture

31 4.1 India Climate: Heat: - cooler inside than outside, no frost - strong sunlight Humidity: - extremely high, water vapor pressure monsoon: - extreme water masses, sea formation, termite protection

32 4.1 India Infrastructure: Power failures: - UPS and generators required

33 4.1 India infrastructure: Traffic problems: - permanent traffic jams - local public transport - resulting in unreliable personnel and goods logistics

34 4.1 India Infrastructure: Unreliable water supply and disposal: - Water reservoirs

35 4.1 India infrastructure: Hygiene problems: - Dust and garbage in public spaces

36 4.1 India Infrastructure: Unreliable emergency services: - Fire brigade, ambulance

37 4.2 Calcutta Calcutta is considered a city of intellectuals, not of economy

38 4.2 Calcutta Calcutta has been ruled by communists for decades

39 4.2 Calcutta In Calcutta there is a pronounced culture of strikes on various topics: - Price explosion - Domestic workers' social security - Accompanying phenomenon before elections

40 4.2 Calcutta Unfortunately, disasters are on the agenda in Calcutta: - cyclones - floods - diseases - poverty

41 4.3 Transport from Germany: - Container transport by ship to Calcutta takes approx. 6 weeks - Unloading in the port only on personal pressure (if possible local staff) - Customs clearance only on personal pressure (if possible local staff), can take two to four weeks

42 4.3 Transport - truck transport to the construction site only at night - unsealing by a German company - preliminary planning construction freedom almost ¼ year - for smaller amounts of material, use of air freight

43 4.3 Transport from other federal states of India: - can also take a long time, e.g. Mumbai Calcutta about 9 weeks

44 4.3 Transport from other federal states of India: - customs borders within the country - obscure formalities - freight documents always incomplete

45 4.4 Construction standards in Indian construction similarly regulated: - Building regulations, approval procedures - Monitoring by structural testers and specialist engineers - Standardized material qualities, e.g. burned stone, precast concrete, steel

46 4.4 Construction standards - construction contracts with contractual penalty, security or Retention money - inspection of defects, list of defects, formal acceptance (virtual completion certificate) - start of the guarantee period, guarantee period usually 2 years, roof and termites 10 years

47 4.4 Building standards Approvals, guidelines often not comparable: - Indian or British standards - No detailed implementation guidelines for trades

48 4.4 Building standards DIY store: - Shortage of materials or materials not on the market (windows from Europe, AC from Japan, fittings in poor quality) - International producers with untrained contractors

49 4.4 Construction standards DIY store: - no hot-dip galvanized steel - only sheet metal and small parts

50 4.4 Building standards DIY store: - Coating systems available but processing instructions unknown or not suitable for climate

51 4.4 Construction standards DIY store: - no workshops, execution on site - no detailed execution planning or workshop planning

52 4.4 Building standards for occupational safety, insurance: - with helmet but barefoot - few devices and aids, a lot of personnel - two-dimensional scaffolding, bound bamboo ladders - hazardous substances without explanation (coatings, termite treatment) - ind. Pension Insurance Provident Fund

53 4.4 Building standards for occupational safety, insurance: - with helmet but barefoot - few devices and aids, a lot of personnel - two-dimensional scaffolding, bound bamboo ladders - hazardous substances without explanation (coatings, termite treatment) - ind. Pension Insurance Provident Fund

54 4.4 Building standards for occupational safety, insurance: - with helmet but barefoot - few devices and aids, a lot of staff - two-dimensional scaffolding, bound bamboo ladders - hazardous substances without explanation (coatings, termite treatment) - ind. Pension Insurance Provident Fund

55 4.4 Building standards for occupational safety, insurance: - with helmet but barefoot - few devices and aids, a lot of staff - two-dimensional scaffolding, bound bamboo ladders - hazardous materials without explanation (coatings, termite treatment) - ind. Pension Insurance Provident Fund

56 4.4 Building standards for occupational safety, insurance: - with helmet but barefoot - few devices and aids, a lot of staff - two-dimensional scaffolding, bound bamboo ladders - hazardous substances without explanation (coatings, termite treatment) - ind. Pension Insurance Provident Fund

57 4.4 Building standards Formalities: verifiable invoices with measurement plans had to be drawn up by the KA. Invoices were always too late, due to lack of funds, GU; Often immediate payments with safety deductions necessary Supplementary offers were only created after completion of the services, but no detailed implementation planning or workshop planning from India without cost surprises Handover documentation only with laborious support Official documents in varying quality (without address, date and signature) Cost forecasts ind. KA exactly, but no careful tracking of total costs Budget risk Exchange rate fluctuations of up to 20%

58 4.4 Construction standards Dates: - Adherence to deadlines - Deadline forecast

59 4.4 Building standards Qualities: - Quality control was insufficient - German support necessary

60 4.4 Building standards Qualities: - Before reporting a defect, weigh up whether the defect is significant and whether removal improves the result

61 4.4 Building standards Qualities: - Some German standards cannot be required because they are not known - Some lengthy discussions

62 4.5 Coordination - Coordination of Indian and German standards - precise German workshop planning and missing Indian implementation planning - define permissible dimensional tolerances

63 4.5 Coordination - Contract dates for German company dependent on Indian construction progress - Counterclaims by German companies are not to scale to Indian hourly rates and construction prices

64 5. Result 5.1 Evaluation negative: - schedule adjusted several times, late completion - plan changes in the current project difficult - ind. GU inflexible, binding further subcontractors partly not possible, personal feuds of various entrepreneurs - forward-looking planning difficult, surprises - complicated components and details cannot be realized - insufficient training of the construction workers, almost no skilled workers

65 5. Result 5.1 Evaluation negative: - Solving problems remotely, by / telephone, not possible - Discouragement in the event of defects - No understanding of striving for perfection - Dimensional accuracy - Corrosion protection - Reliable sealing - Construction site organization - Protection of one's own performance and defect removal difficult - Device maintenance - Formalities (minutes, accounting, supplementary offers)

66 5. Result 5.1 Assessment positive: - Project completed and accepted - Good result, adapted to local conditions - User and builder satisfied - Contact architect and construction company are proud of their performance - Budget met, no surprises - all problems were resolved together at the round table - excellent natural stone work with the simplest means, very nice gardening work - communication in English without any problems - mutual trust, reliability - cooperation with German company on site very friendly - consulate constantly on site, committed and aware of the local conditions

67 5. Result 5.1 Assessment Conclusion - personal contacts, frequent trips and presence - joint development of standards on site - Indian support in the bureaucracy jungle - plan time buffers - fair action - determined composure

68 Eva Walter Dipl.-Ing. Architecture project coordination abroad, SiGeKo + fire protection Schillstrasse Berlin Fon +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) mobile +49 (0) Thank you for your attention!