In what environment does the mushroom grow
When are there which types of mushrooms?
In general, it can be said that there are mushrooms every month. However, the main season in which most mushrooms grow is from summer to autumn. Especially in autumn, after rains, the mushrooms sprout in the forests. Then it's time for mushroom pickers: Reach for the baskets!
Mushroom picking in Germany: what do you have to pay attention to when collecting?
Of course, the most important thing is to be able to tell the difference between poisonous and non-poisonous mushrooms. Collecting mushrooms without preparation and appropriate knowledge is not recommended - after all, there are around 60 poisonous species that you should be aware of. You therefore have two options: Either you go on a search with experienced mushroom connoisseurs, or you acquire a certain knowledge in advance. Ideally, you combine the two in order to learn the most. Folk high schools and NABU also offer excursions. An identification book is always part of the standard equipment. Nowadays, of course, there are also apps that support mushroom picking - like the identification book, however, they are only auxiliary tools and should never be used as sole advice, especially by beginners. To avoid mushroom poisoning, the same rules apply as described above.
Tip: At first, you should only collect boletus, because of them there are the least poisonous relatives.
Right time: when to collect mushrooms?
According to experts, mushrooms sprout particularly well after downpours. Give the plants about a week after the rain has ended and look forward to great specimens in large numbers.
What quantities are allowed?
In fact, there are restrictions on mushroom picking, and the amount is not precisely regulated by law. A guideline is 150 g to 200 g per person. If you are traveling alone, 1 kg can still be okay if you need this amount for a meal - the authorities regulate this differently in each case. It must be obvious that the quantities are for personal use, as selling mushrooms is prohibited.
Proper clothing and equipment
Also note that the forest is teeming with ticks and mosquitoes. You should therefore protect your skin so that no animals can bite or suck on you. Pack mosquito repellant, sunscreen and a hat - we still have very warm days in late summer and you certainly don't want to risk sunburn. Also, remember to have a small first aid kit with disinfectant and plasters in case you are injured. In addition, wear sturdy outdoor shoes to prevent slipping in the forest.
Caution: NEVER collect mushrooms in a plastic bag, only in an air-permeable basket. The worst mushroom poisoning you can get is secondary poisoning - this occurs when the protein in the bag breaks down. And that happens very quickly with sensitive heads. This cannot happen with baskets due to the natural circulation of air.
Collecting mushrooms yourself: what are the advantages?
Apart from the fact that you can enjoy the freshest and most aromatic mushrooms ever after collecting, collecting mushrooms with the family is great leisure time - spending time together, being in nature: more quality time is not possible! And everyone can learn a lot about animals, plants and mushrooms.
Can you cut mushrooms at the bottom?
Please no! The stem base is important to identify the fungus. If this is missing, it can be confused with other, possibly poisonous varieties. It also damages the mushroom - it's like cutting an apple or a potato in half. They injure the fungus and pollutants can enter. How to do it right:
Mushroom picking in Germany: where do mushrooms grow?
Mushrooms generally grow where there are trees. In parks, gardens, but mostly in forests, the reason for this is the symbiotic community. Some mushrooms specialize in certain tree species, so there are mushroom species that are bound to e.g. conifers and only occur here. Then there are mushrooms that occur on both conifers and deciduous trees. But mushrooms don't thrive under every tree either. You can find meadow mushrooms in meadows - but if they are over-fertilized, it might be better to refrain from them, provided that they are still growing at all. The range of edible mushrooms is large: from chanterelles to porcini mushrooms to chestnuts, you can look forward to a richly set table in the mushroom season.
Basically you can pick mushrooms in any forest area, except for those
- Nature reserves
- National parks
- public parks
- Taper surfaces
- Areas on which wood is felled
In addition, it is forbidden to collect rare types of mushrooms such as truffles or green mushrooms as well as to randomly cut off unknown mushrooms so that they can later be assigned by a professional. In addition, mushrooms collected in the forest cannot be sold. It is also forbidden to pick mushrooms at night to protect wild animals.
You should leave mushrooms standing near busy roads or in industrial areas, as they could be contaminated with pollutants.
By the way, theoretically you can find the mushrooms in the same place the following year. However, that depends on how ideal the breeding ground is for growth. The mushrooms may stay out of the season and grow all the more numerous the following year. We will show you the most beautiful areas for mushroom picking throughout Germany.
Eat fresh mushrooms
You should consume your freshly collected mushrooms within 24 hours - even goods from the supermarket should be consumed after two days at the latest, because mushrooms spoil quickly. Those who collect themselves should be even more careful. In addition, edible mushrooms should always be eaten prepared, because raw they can be indigestible or even poisonous for us.
How do I behave if I have been poisoned by pillows?
If sweating, diarrhea, and drowsiness occur after eating the mushrooms, mushroom poisoning is suspected. Please consult a doctor or a clinic immediately. Large cities such as Berlin, Hamburg and Munich also have poison control centers that you can contact in case of suspicion. If it's less than five hours since you had your mushroom meal, try vomiting. To identify the poison, please take the vomit and any leftover food with you to the doctor. If you only feel symptoms of poisoning for eight hours or more, there is an acute danger to life - please call the fire brigade immediately!
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