Lord Ganesha is a cosmic leader
Greetings to Ganesha, who is the Absolute itself, the Supreme God, who embodies the energy of Shiva and is the source of all bliss. It gives all positive qualities and success in all ventures.
Mushikavahana modaka hastha,
Chamara karna vilambitha sutra,
Vamana rupa maheshwara putra,
Vighna vinayaka pada namaste
“Oh Vinayaka (name for Ganesha; literally: who removes all obstacles), who removes all obstacles, son of Shiva, small in stature, with the mouse as your vehicle, with sweet pudding in hand, with large ears and a long drooping one Trunk. I bow to your lotus-like feet! "
Ganesh Chaturthi, the birthday of Ganesha, is one of the most famous Hindu festivals. This day is entirely dedicated to Ganesha. It falls on the 4th day of the two-week phase of the waxing moon (i.e. after the new moon) of the month of Bhadrapada (August / September) and is celebrated by Hindus throughout India and around the world.
Clay figures of Ganesha are made, worshiped for two or sometimes ten days and then given to the water.
Ganesha is the elephant-headed god. In all prayers he is called first. His names are repeated at the beginning of all activities or worship rituals. Ganesha is the energy behind power and wisdom. He is the eldest son of Shiva and the brother of Skanda (also called Kartikeya). Because he is the energy of Shiva, he is also called the son of Shankar and Umadevi. By worshiping Ganesha, mothers hope for his dignified virtues for their sons as well.
There is the following legend about his birth and how he got his elephant head:
Gauri, Shiva's wife, once created Ganesha as a pure white creature during a bath from the mud on her body. She put him in front of the entrance to the house and told him not to let anyone in while she was bathing. Now Shiva came home - he was very thirsty - and was stopped at the entrance by Ganesha. Shiva got angry and cut off his head because he thought he was a stranger.
Gauri was deeply saddened by this. In order to comfort them, Shiva ordered his servants, the first thing that came to be, who slept with its head turned north, to cut off its head and bring it to him. The servants only found one elephant that met this condition. They performed the appropriate sacrifice and brought the elephant's head to Shiva. Shiva put the elephant head on the body of Ganesha.
Shiva had his son venerated at the beginning of all activities such as weddings, trips, studies, etc. and ordered that the 4th day of the phase of the waxing moon of the month Bhadrapada should be especially dedicated to the worship of Ganesha.
Without the favor and blessing of Ganesha, nothing can be achieved. Every action needs his support.
In the state of Maharashtra, first graders learn the Ganesha mantra Om Shri Ganeshaya Namah in the first lesson before learning the alphabet.
Ganesha has many other names as well, for example Dhumraketu, Sumukha, Ekadantha, Gajakarnaka, Lambodara, Vignaraja, Ganadhyaksha, Phalachandra, Gajanana, Vinayaka, Vakratunda, Siddhivinayaka, Surpakarna, Heramba, Skandapurvigneh-Gajanara, Mahathiswaneh.
Ganesha devotees repeat one of the Ganesha mantras like Om Gang Ganapathaye Namah, Om Shri Ganeshaya Namah or the Ganesha-Gayatri:
Did purushaya vidmahe
Tanno dhanti prachodayat
Ganesha is the embodiment of wisdom and bliss. He is the god of the Brahmacharis (spiritual disciples; one who lives celibacy).
A little mouse is his vehicle, his mount. He is the deity assigned to the Muladhara Chakra (energy center at the lower end of the spine). Kundalini Shakti (serpentine power, the cosmic creative energy in man) rests in this energetic center of the body.
He removes all obstacles on the path of the spiritual aspirant and helps him to achieve worldly and spiritual success. That is why he is also called Vigna Vinayaka, the eliminator of all obstacles. His Bija Akshara (root syllable) is Gung (pronounced "gang"), which rhymes with the English "sung" (= to sing; spoken "sang"). He is the cosmic aspect of peace and harmony.
Ganesha represents Om (= Pranava, the cosmic primordial sound), the original mantra of the Vedas. You cannot achieve anything without repeating Om. Hence it is that Ganesha is invoked before any ritual or other undertaking begins. His two feet stand for the power of knowledge and the power of action. The elephant's head is the only symbol for Om that occurs in nature.
In one hand he holds the ankusha (a spear-like weapon with curved prongs), which symbolizes his rule over the world, the kingdom of God.
The fact that a mouse of all things is his means of locomotion means that selfishness has been completely overcome. The mouse is one of the smallest creatures in nature and the elephant one of the largest. This means that Ganesha is the creator of all creatures. Elephants are very wise animals. So Ganesha is the embodiment of wisdom. This symbolism also stands for the evolutionary development process: the mouse gradually develops into an elephant and the elephant ultimately into a human. Therefore, Ganesha has a mouse as a mount, an elephant head, and a human body.
Ganesha is the lord of the Ganas (hosts) and groups such as the group of the elements, the senses, etc. He is the leader of all followers of Shiva and the heavenly servants of Shiva.
The Vaishnavas (followers of Vishnu as the highest god) also worship Ganesha as Tumbikkai Alwar, which means "God with the elephant trunk".
His companions or powers are the Kundalini (literally "The Rolled Up", the creative energy) and Vallabha, the power of love.
He is very fond of sweet pudding or sweet balls made from rice flour. On his birthday he went from house to house once and took sweet pudding as a gift everywhere. After eating quite a bit of it, he rode his mouse in the evening. Suddenly the mouse stumbled - it had seen a snake and was scared - and Ganesha fell down. His stomach cracked and all of the sweet pudding came out. But Ganesha stuffed everything back into his stomach, grabbed the snake and wrapped it around his stomach.
The moon in the sky had seen it all and laughed. Ganesha resented the moon's improper behavior. Furious, he pulled out one of his tusks and hurled it against the moon. He swore that no one should look at the moon on Ganesh Chaturthi day. If someone does, they will earn a bad reputation and criticism. If someone accidentally looks at the moon that day, there is only one thing that can free them from this curse, and that is to read the story or hear how Krishna purified Ganesha's character in connection with the Syamantaka gem. This story is in the Srimad Bhagavatam (a scripture about the life of Krishna). Ganesha agreed to this. Glory to Ganesha! How kind and compassionate he is to his devotees.
One day Ganesha and his brother Subramanya got into an argument about which of them was the elder. Finally they asked Shiva. Shiva decided that they should both go on a trip around the world. Whoever came back first would rightly be entitled to be the older one. Subramanya immediately sat on his mount, the peacock, and began his journey around the world. The wise Ganesha, however, went around his divine parents in loving devotion and asked for the price of victory.
Shiva said, "Beloved and wise Ganesha, how can I give you the prize when you haven't made a trip around the world?"
Ganesha replied, “No, but I went around my parents once. They make up the entire revealed universe! "
In this way the dispute was decided in favor of Ganesha, who was henceforth considered to be the elder of the brothers. Parvati gave him a fruit as a reward for victory.
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