How is wool processed

Wool is one of the oldest and most original materials that humans have made use of. Proven since 4000 BC Animal wool fibers are already used by humans as a valuable material for the manufacture of clothing, blankets, thermal insulation and later also for carpet production. In the Production of classic oriental carpets The tried and tested natural fibers were also used from the start.

Sheep wool has the advantage that, depending on the fat content, it gives the carpet an extraordinary shine and repels dirt particles. The wool from sheep that live at great heights is particularly rich in fat. But the age of the sheep also plays a role. Wool from young sheep is very soft and is not suitable for one, for exampleOriental carpet. For this, the adult sheep rather provides strong, high-quality knotted wool. In addition, the region of the sheep's body in which the wool grows also influences its quality. The wool from the neck and belly of a sheep is also particularly soft. This is also called cork wool and is used for particularly fine carpets. While Iran is almost self-sufficient in terms of wool thanks to its huge herds of nomads, other countries such as Pakistan have to import a large part of their wool from New Zealand and Australia. Sheep wool is and remains the most important material for hand-knotted carpets today and is used for the pile, warp and weft of carpets. Goat wool, on the other hand, is now only used for the warp and no longer for the pile. Camel hair is also rarely used because it is less resistant. Instead, it is better suited to emphasize color nuances. In contrast, the fur of the cashmere goat is particularly popular as it is considered to be one of the finest animal hairs. The wool is usually not sheared, but laboriously combed out of the animal's undercoat. This makes carpets and clothing made of cashmere particularly valuable. In addition to the cashmere goat, the angora goat also provides fine wool, which is known under the term mohair. However, before a finished carpet is created, numerous work steps are necessary to prepare the wool.

After the wool has been sheared, it is divided into different quality classes. Then it is cleaned and washed. Then the wool is carded to separate matted fibers. The way carding works is similar to combing or brushing. In many places this is done mechanically, but in some villages or nomad camps it is still traditionally done by hand with so-called hand cards. The shearing is followed by the spinning of the wool, which is still done by hand in Iran using a spinning wheel, for example. Similar to weaving, spinning is one of the oldest human techniques and converts the wool into yarn which can then be used for a carpet.

In general, wool, like silk, is made up of fibrous structural proteins and is more susceptible to chemical damage or negative environmental influences than vegetable fibers. Animal wool is also coarser in its structure than cotton. Since the wool fiber has the ability to return to its original shape after stretching or compression, this material is extremely stable and elastic. In addition, wool fibers can pucker and pin together, which gives even loosely woven yarns a certain strength. Due to these properties and the low density of wool, loose fabrics can be woven. Wool has a natural thermoregulation, because since the fabric has a high proportion of air and prevents heat conduction, it serves as a heat insulator. So wool stores heat and what once served the sheep as protection against the cold can now be used as modern Wool carpetcontribute to a cozy and healthy indoor climate. This is mainly due to the fact that wool is moisture-repellent and quickly releases absorbed moisture. In permanently damp rooms, however, the wool fiber could get moldy. more on the subject Clean wool carpets can be found in our category cleaning carpets.

Since wool is also very color-fast, dirt-repellent and flame-retardant, it is still very popular in interior design today. So that you can enjoy a wool carpet for a long time, you should protect it from moth infestation and permanent moisture.

With an oriental carpet made of wool or generally with a wool carpet, you bring a pleasant natural fiber into your home, which contributes to a cozy room climate thanks to its warming and breathable properties. This is how tradition and sustainability can be combined with something pleasant. That's why we have the Natural Living section in our shop for fans of the natural style of living.