When did football start?

Soccer

German footballer Mario Götze in Brazil at the last game of the 2014 World Cup. Here he scores the goal with which the German team won.

Soccer is a sport where two teams play with one ball. It is one of the most popular sports in the world. The soccer game originally comes from England. Over time, football has got its current rules.

For this sport there are football clubs whose teams play against each other. The world association FIFA organizes a soccer world championship every four years. There is one team from each country. Football is played more by men in some countries and more by women in others.

How's the game going?

A linesman at work. He is an assistant to the referee and watches whether a ball lands outside the field of play. When that happens, he will raise that flag. The other team may then continue to play with the ball.

One team tries to score more goals than the other team. Each team has eleven players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. A game usually lasts 90 minutes, two halves of 45 minutes each. Added to this is stoppage time if there were interruptions in the game due to injuries.

If the game is tied after normal playing time, but the game absolutely has to have a winner, there is an extension of 15 minutes twice. If there is still no winner, there can still be a penalty shoot-out. Then the players of both teams take turns trying to hit the goal from a distance of eleven meters. Whoever scored more goals after six attempts wins.

In addition to the players, the referee has an important role. He decides whether a goal is counted or not. He also whistles the game with his whistle, and he can also interrupt it if someone is playing unfairly. Then the other team gets the ball.

The ball may be played with the whole body, but not with the arms and hands. Nevertheless, football is mainly played with the foot. Soccer is the most popular team sport in the world, maybe even the most popular sport of all.

How do children play soccer?

Football is also one of the most popular sports among children.

Many children also like to play football, some in clubs. With them, the halves are not that long. In addition, the space and the gates are smaller for the younger ones. The G-Jugend is also called U7-Jugend, these are children under the age of seven. Then it goes on to the A-youth, these are the under-19-year-olds.

The goals are smaller up to the U13. The small gates are five meters wide and 2 meters high. The large gates are 7.32 meters wide and 2.44 meters high. From the U15 onwards you play on normal playing fields, before that the pitches are smaller. A field on the U7 is just 35 meters long and 32 meters wide.

Where does the game of football come from?

England's Preston North End team won the first championship in football in 1889.

Football was probably invented by the Chinese. 3000 years ago there was something like a soccer ball there. It was also made from pieces of leather. But it wasn't filled with air, but with hair and feathers. It was used for training soldiers.

In England in the Middle Ages there was an early form of football game in which the inhabitants of two villages competed against each other. The aim of the game was to kick the ball into the gate of the other village. The playing field was the landscape between the villages. There was also something like football in the city of Florence in Italy in the Middle Ages.

The sport of soccer as we know it today originated in England in the nineteenth century. In 1848, the first rules of football were written at Cambridge University. At that time the teams had 15 to 20 players. Corner kick and free kick were not yet known. Little by little, the rules were changed again and again. Since 1870 the teams have consisted of exactly eleven players. It was not until 1970, 100 years later, that the “yellow card” was introduced.

  • A child in Turkey practicing with the ball

  • A D-youth in Munich playing indoor football

  • Silvia Neid was the coach of the German national team for many years.

  • The Camp Nou in Barcelona, ​​Spain: it is the largest football stadium in Europe.

  • This goalkeeper did not hold the ball, but the ball only hits the top bar.