How do you perceive Cameroon and Cameroonians

German colonial history

At the end of the 19th century, the world saw a race between European powers for colonial possession, the much-cited "Scramble for Africa". In this era, known as high imperialism, it was all about world power claims, economic policy striving for dominance, national prestige, cheap raw materials and sales markets for industrial products. At the Berlin Africa Conference (or Congo Conference), which took place in Berlin at the turn of 1884/85, the representatives of twelve European countries, the USA and the Ottoman Empire decided the modalities for the division of Africa and free access for trade and missionary work on the continent. Although the division of Africa among the colonial powers can in no way be traced back to the Berlin Africa Conference, today it is seen by Africans as a warning sign of the foreign determination and exploitation of their continent.

Cameroon was officially declared a German "protected area" on July 12, 1884, after several treaties had been signed with the rulers on the Cameroon River shortly beforehand. [1] The roughly thirty-year foreign colonial rule of the German Empire ended during the First World War in 1916. Although there is a tendency in research to underestimate the consequences of the German colonial rule in Cameroon compared to the Franco-English rule, [2] cannot be overlooked that this "colonial adventure" also left traces in the country that have to be dealt with today. The question here is who the actors were and which media are used to convey the work of remembrance. The focus is on the one hand on German colonial architecture and on the other hand on the divided German-Cameroonian history as a memory topos in literature.