Why is Israel against migrants
Israel: Not a promised land for migrants
Around 42,000 African asylum seekers are currently living in Israel. 91 percent of them come from the totalitarian states of Sudan and Eritrea. The immigrants have neither rights nor official protection status. Israel wants to get rid of the asylum seekers by all means. In the Holot asylum, which is located in the middle of the Negev desert and resembles a prison, according to the NGO Hotline for Refugees and Migrants10,000 asylum seekers detained for a period of at least one year since 2013. The government is raising public opinion against the "intruders". To counteract the problem, Israel deported Eritreans and Sudanese to the third countries Uganda and Rwanda.
Facts and figures on the odyssey of African migrants:
Music: IRJD, 00h12 intro
Deportations to Rwanda and Uganda
The practice of deportation exists, according to reports in the Israeli newspaperHaaretz since the beginning of 2014. There is an agreement between Israel and Uganda, the exact content of which is unknown. In the summer of 2013 the mirrorIn return, Uganda received money for development aid and arming the army. Rwanda denies ever having signed an agreement with Israel.
The incident violates the Geneva Refugee Convention. This prohibits transferring people to a place where they are exposed to real risks, such as B. persecution or other violations of their human rights.
The NGO Hotline for Refugees and Migrants assumes, based on testimony, that asylum seekers in Uganda will find themselves again in a state of illegality. She cites examples of migrants who were deported from Uganda back to Eritrea, where they were arrested.
The illegal deportation of Eritrean and Sudanese asylum seekers is a reckless transfer of responsibility. This is an example of bad politics that is worsening the so-called refugee crisis.
Amnesty International - 03/26/2018
Sharp criticism of Israel's asylum practice
Human rights organizations strongly condemn this practice. Amnesty International speaks of a "ruthless and irresponsible policy" in connection with the deportations, which is contributing to the worsening of the global refugee crisis. Asylum seekers take to the streets in Tel Aviv almost every week, as most recently on April 3. They are supported by numerous solidarity Israelis. On February 7th, ARTE Journal reported:
Perhaps the increasing criticism of the deportations of migrants has led Prime Minister Netanyahu to consider alternatives. An agreement should be concluded between Israel and the UN refugee agency UNHCR: 16,000 asylum seekers should have been recognized as refugees. Another 16,000 should have been relocated to Europe and Canada.
The pressure from national conservative circles
According to Israeli media reports, the fact that Netanyahu withdrew from the agreement has to do with pressure from the right-wing conservative government and parts of the population. These circles would like the migrants to continue to be imprisoned or deported. Last year, Netanyahu said he would "return the south of Tel Aviv to the citizens of Israel". Religious and conservative politicians had portrayed the presence of Muslim or Christian Africans in the past as a threat to the Jewish character of the Israeli state.
Shira Havkin, scientist and expert on asylum in Israel, told ARTE Info why asylum seekers in Israel are not given a legal basis and are exposed to a great deal of arbitrariness. "In Israel there is neither an asylum law nor an official refugee status. People whose asylum decision is positive receive a temporary residence permit that is of long duration and includes social rights." In addition, questions about asylum are always obscured with historical facts, said Havkin. This goes back to the founding of the state and the Israeli perspective that Israel is primarily an arrival country for Jews.
The point of contention is the actual situation in the countries of origin, such as in Eritrea. Israel's right-wing national camp accuses the Eritrean "intruders" of lying. Government politicians claim that any Eritrean can return to their country. Seid Abdulrazek, an Eritrean human rights activist residing in Switzerland, told ARTE Info that the situation is "more unsafe and dangerous" than ever. In the reports of the last few weeks there is talk of suppressed protests and mass arrests. Also, shooting orders against deserters are being given more and more often at the border, says Abdulrazek Seid, who was recently on the Sudanese border himself.
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