What is the name of the pronoun noun

Pronouns - pronouns in German grammar


pronoun (also: Pronouns) replace a noun and are declined. On the following pages we explain the different pronouns in German, for example personal pronouns, possessive pronouns, reflexive pronouns, relative pronouns and interrogative pronouns.

Click on one of the following topics to learn more about it in the explanation and to test your knowledge in the exercises.

Personal pronouns

The personal pronouns are I you he she it we you they and their declined forms. With personal pronouns we can replace an already mentioned noun, talk about ourselves or address other people.

I have a cat. you is black.

possessive pronouns

The possessive pronouns indicate possession / belonging. We differentiate between possessive pronouns as companions and possessive pronouns as substitutes.

This is my Suitcase. (Companion)
This is mine. (Replacement)

reflexive pronouns

We use reflexive pronouns with reflexive ones (get lost) and reciprocal verbs (know each other).

I have me run away.
We know us

relative pronoun

With relative pronouns (that, that, that, which, ...) let's introduce relative clauses.

The police are looking for the man the robbed the bank.

Interrogative pronouns

The interrogative pronouns are who, what, whom, whom, whose. They replace the noun we are asking for in the question sentence.

who did that say?

Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns are e.g. B.this, that, that. We use demonstrative pronouns to emphasize something.

Do you want to this Shirt or that?

Indefinite pronouns

The indefinite pronouns include, for examplesomething, nothing, man, someone, everyone. We use them when we generalize something.

Can yousomething do for me?

Declension of pronouns

Here is an overview and detailed explanations of the declension of personal pronouns and possessive pronouns.

He Has his Coffee not drunk