What is poverty in three ways

What does poverty mean?


Poverty in general means not having enough of something. For example, not enough money or not enough food. But you should differentiate between two different types of poverty: There is absolute and relative poverty.

Absolute poverty

Absolute poverty means that someone is so poor that he or she does not even have the essentials to survive. This is the case, for example, when you have neither food nor clean drinking water. Or if you don't own an apartment and have to live on the street. Many of these poor people are sick but cannot afford the doctor or the necessary medicine. In countries where absolute poverty occurs, there are often few schools and not enough jobs for everyone. Most of these countries are in the so-called Third World. These are mainly Africa, but also most of the countries in Asia and many countries in Central and South America.

Relative poverty

The other type of poverty is relative poverty. A person is relatively poor when he or she has very little compared to what others have. For example, this person has less money than most of the others in his country. But because the same prices apply to everyone (e.g. for food), they cannot easily buy healthy food or new clothes and are therefore sick more often. Usually there is not enough money to go to the cinema or to do sports in a club. Poor people also have less chance of a good education and a job that would help them out of poverty. And often people who are affected by poverty also have to live with the prejudices of others. In addition to the actual poverty, this is at least as bad for many, because they are ashamed of their poverty.

Child poverty

If children are particularly affected by these types of poverty, one speaks of child poverty. It is estimated that over a billion children around the world are currently affected.