Who settled Spain

History of Spain

A brief history of Spain

Spain has been settled for 1.4 million years. Phoenician sailors, Greeks, Celts and Iberians also came from the Mediterranean region. The Romans eventually conquered the entire peninsula that became the province of Hispania. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Visigoths prevailed, but were driven out by Muslim armies a little later. The Moors then took a large part of the Iberian Peninsula. The battle of Covadonga in turn initiated the reconquest of the country by the Christians.

The time of the Reconquista and the seafarers began. In 1492, Christopher Columbus, an Italian navigator in the service of Castile, discovered America. The endeavor from Spain to form a unified Catholic empire was the trigger for the Inquisition and the horror associated with it.

From 1556 the country was involved in wars with France, the Netherlands, England and also the Ottoman Empire.

The War of the Spanish Succession of 1700 took hold of large parts of Western Europe. Napoleon conquered Spain and installed his brother as king, and a protracted guerrilla war ensued. After Napoleon's defeat, Ferdinand VII was reinstated as king, who was succeeded by his daughter Isabella II.

After the revolution of 1868, the first Spanish republic was established for a year, and in 1931 Zamora proclaimed the second republic. Tensions between Catalonian anarchists and the Republican government resulted in civil war from 1936 to 1939. The nationalists under Franco prevailed. Spain was largely able to abstain from the Second World War, but the dictatorship led the country into political and economic isolation.

It was not until Franco's death in 1975 that the country awoke from this rigidity. A constitutional monarchy emerged under Juan Carlos I, who resolutely opposed a coup in 1981 to restore a dictatorship. The reforms introduced under Prime Minister Adolfo Suarez ushered in a transition to democracy.

Spain has been a member of NATO since 1985, part of the European Community since 1986, and the euro since 2002.

The country is currently suffering from the effects of the burst property bubble of 2007 and the financial crisis of 2008. The separatist movements, especially in Catalonia, have recently given cause for concern.

Select a course location

A | B | C | | D | G | M | N | P | S | T | V.

Course locations for a Spanish language trip




Barcelona | Benalmadena


Cadiz | Cordoba




Granada | Gran Canaria


Madrid | Malaga | Mallorca | Marbella






Salamanca | San Sebastian | Seville


Tarifa | Tarragona | Tenerife


Valencia | Vejer de la Frontera


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