What courses should TE mechanics take
Apprenticeship as a plant mechanic
How does the training as a plant mechanic work?
The training to become a system mechanic is dual. It lasts three and a half years. Depending on the company, vocational school lessons take place on certain days of the week or in block form. Instead of an intermediate exam, the die Final exam in two parts Completed: The first exam is due after about 18 months, the second part of the final exam after three and a half years, i.e. at the end of the training. Part of the examination is, among other things, a practical task, which is either a specific work assignment from the training company or a cross-company task. You have up to 21 hours for this. The plant mechanic ends his apprenticeship as a journeyman in the craft business.
In the company, for example, the trainees acquire knowledge about how to plan work processes. Prospective plant mechanics first familiarize themselves with the materials and tools before they learn how to use machines and tools to manufacture components, assemble them and maintain them. The knowledge about these so-called job-specific learning fields is deepened in the vocational school.
The five industrial metal professions
In addition to the plant mechanic, there are four other industrial metal professions: the industrial mechanic, the construction mechanic, the tool mechanic and the cutting machine operator. Their training is partly identical in terms of content: imparting the so-called core qualifications, which are the same for all five professions, makes up half of the training period. In addition, there are job-specific specialist qualifications - for example, the production of pipe systems for a plant mechanic. Specialized and core qualifications are imparted with one another over the entire training period.
What does a plant mechanic learn in vocational school?
In the vocational school you will learn the technical basis for working in the company. There are a number of job-specific learning fields. But you also have lessons in general subjects such as German, English, mathematics and economics. In addition, legal norms and regulations for accident prevention are taught. These competencies are taught in an integrative way.
1st year of training
Manufacture of components with hand-held tools
At the beginning of their apprenticeship, prospective plant mechanics learn how to manufacture components with hand-held tools, for example a hand saw. This requires preparation: technical drawings are studied and made, work plans are drawn up and calculations are carried out. In order for the trainee to know which materials and tools are suitable, he has to know about metals and plastics, for example, as well as about the various tools.
Manufacture of components with machines
This learning field also requires the evaluation and creation of drawings and work plans. The only thing that matters here is how to deal with large machines: trainees should understand their structure and mode of operation. They also learn the basics of quality management, i.e. they create and interpret test reports. And it is calculated: namely tool and machine costs, material consumption and working time.
Manufacture of simple assemblies
In order to produce simple assemblies, future plant mechanics must understand and be able to use general and group drawings, layout plans and circuit diagrams typical for the profession. The trainees learn how to assemble individual parts into assemblies by welding, soldering or screwing and compare assembly suggestions - also in English. The trainees organize simple assembly work as a team.
Maintenance of technical systems
Taking maintenance plans into account, trainees plan maintenance measures based on exemplary situations from later everyday work and select the tools and auxiliary materials. Knowledge of electronics and control technology is also important for this.
2nd year of training
Manufacture of components for plant engineering
In this learning field, the trainees dedicate themselves to the production of components for system technology according to the wishes of a fictitious customer. You prepare sketches, parts lists and technical drawings and plan the project in terms of deadlines.
Assembling and transporting system engineering components
As a team, the trainees prepare the assembly, dismantling and installation of plant components. How are the parts transported? What security measures do you have to take? Such questions are answered as well as the question of whether the components are still intact after transport.
Connect system parts
As a plant mechanic, you have to do a lot with pipes - from pipe fittings to pipe systems. In this learning area, the trainees use suitable programs to determine the construction dimensions in relation to loads and load-bearing capacity.
Transfer and commissioning of plant systems
The trainees practice handing over plant systems to customers and putting them into operation. If errors occur, you can quickly locate and correct them - and record them in the test report. They also learn to deal with customers and to introduce them to the use of the systems.
3rd year of training
Maintenance of plant systems
In the third year of training, the trainees learn how to carry out maintenance and repair work. In doing so, they create planning and quotations based on fictitious customer orders - according to fictitious customer requests. They can also diagnose and remedy errors remotely based on exemplary situations.
Integration of control and regulation technology components
The trainees should be able to install control and regulation systems, including the electrical connection of all components, but also to instruct the customer in this. They deepen their knowledge in realistic exercises.
Integration of plant-specific subsystems
Part of this field of work is to use fictitious work orders to plan process engineering components and subsystems. In practical scenarios, the trainees simulate customer discussions in which, for example, they suggest the various implementation options.
4th year of training
Planning and implementation of systems engineering
In cooperation with the other trainees, plant engineering systems are planned in this learning area - right through to implementation. All those involved share responsibility for the project.
Changing and adapting systems of plant engineering
Plant mechanics are also responsible for adapting plants if customers want changes in performance. This also includes briefing the customer on the modified system.
Devices that you come across in everyday work
- steam boiler
- Burning cutting machines
- welding systems
- Allen key
- tin snips
What does a plant mechanic learn in practice?
In addition to the vocational school, future plant mechanics are trained in the company. There they work, for example, in production halls and workshops. Here they apply what was learned in vocational school: for example when planning projects, manufacturing components and advising customers.
In the second half of the training in particular, the trainees are fit enough to take part Customer construction sites to drive, where, among other things, the assembly and maintenance of systems is part of the range of tasks. Depending on the company, you can train as a plant mechanic in different ways Focus set: The areas of application are plant construction, apparatus and container construction, maintenance, pipe system technology and welding technology.
During the apprenticeship as a plant mechanic abroad
There are several ways in which to spend some time as a trainee foreign countries to work. The euroSkill-plus program, funded by Erasmus + and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, is aimed specifically at trainees in the metal and electrical industry, for example. Internships of at least four weeks in other European countries are arranged. The contact person is BBQ Berufliche Bildung gGmbH based in Esslingen and Freiburg.
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