What does the Punjabi word Vigarna mean

What is visual poetry?

The visual or pictorial interpretation of a narrative genre has always fascinated me, perhaps because the need to evoke certain images through letters leads to a much more instantaneous representation.

Images from books, urban art inspired by literature and also visual poetry, an experimental form in which plastic art takes precedence over letters (or vice versa) and achieves results that are unique and infinite. they want to know What is visual poetry? and discover some examples?

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The contours of poetry

futurism It was an artistic trend that started at the beginning of XNUMX. Arose in the 19th century and preceded Cubism, a style immortalized by artists such as Picasso or Bracque, whose aim was to reinvent the history of the world through a more sublime use of color or modernity as a key element of an avant-garde looking for new forms of expression was looking for.

This stream of images also influenced the way of understanding poetrywhat leads to what is known as visual poetry, an experimental form with clear references in an ancient Greece, in which his calligrams would shortly afterwards be replaced by more conservative narrative forms.

In visual poetry Plastic art, pictures or picture forms define the poem and vice versato become a curious hybrid and, above all, very visual. Examples can range from a collage elaborated from the verses of a script into an image that, taken in isolation, defines the poem's intention.

In Spain it is first references to visual poetry took place in the seventeenth century, with examples like that Silent Romance to the Immaculate Conception by Gerónimo González Velázquez. The poem, which was introduced as a legend of the associated hieroglyphs, not only made reading more visual, but by spreading it in different social classes it became a more instantaneous and even more didactic narrative method.

Although the examples were counted in the following years, eventually in XNUMX. century The avant-garde of futurism or cubism would lead to examples of visual poetry like the urbane one by Joan Brossa or the music band Grupo Zaj, made up of composers, lyricists and visual artists, who in the 1960s accompanied the music of their concerts with the use of objects or the performance of small theaters.

After the arrival of the XNUMX. Century and the consolidation of new technologies, visual poetry has also become known as cyberpoetry or even electronic poetry, given the many opportunities it offers on social networks and especially among illustrators or graphic designers. Hence the art of the moment, so widespread today, has found one of its best exponents in this "plastic" poetry, which offers endless possibilities.

Visual poetry is experimental, playful, creative. A peculiar relationship between the visual and the letters in which both expressions overlap until an outcome is achieved that is sometimes shocking, others more intimate, and some even opportunistic. When it comes to art, of course, nobody has the last word.

The origins of visual poetry

Although visual poetry seems to flourish in the 70th century (especially around the 300s), the truth is that this is not its origin. It has been used many times. Indeed, we are talking about very ancient times, like XNUMX BC. How can it be? For this we have to go to the Classical Greece.

At that time, it was not only the great who triumphed. There were writers of many types and genres. And visual poetry was one of them.

To give an example, see the calligram "The Egg". It is Simmias of Rhodes and it is a poem that follows the characteristics of visual poetry. But it really isn't the only thing we can quote. Another, and not from Greece, but from France Rabelais (from 1494 to 1553) with his poem "Sombrero".

What did these two poets do? They wanted to create a poem with the silhouette of the name that defined it. For example, in the case of the egg, the entire poem was within that silhouette. The same goes for the hat or any other picture.

So the words, the verses, the lyrics ... everything played to create the perfect composition and that nothing was left out of the final sentence. But it also had to make sense, and it had to be a well-constructed poem.

The prehistory of visual poetry

As we saw before visual poetry arises from calligrams. This really is the background and how it evolved into what you now know as such. But the authors were also, in their own way, the forerunners of this visual poetry.

For example, two authors stand out from the XNUMX. Century Guillaume Apollinaire and Stéphane Mallarmé. Both are considered modern authors who are representative of the prehistory of visual poetry, that is, of calligrams. In fact, there are works of his that you may have seen many times that you thought were "modern" even though they are a few years old. They are "The Eiffel Tower" or "The Lady in the Hat".

Visual poetry in Spain

In the case of Spain Visual poetry had its heyday in the 1960s. Time when many authors emerged who are still active today, although many of them have died. Almost all of them started out in this literary genre as a form of political justification and social criticism. They wanted to draw attention to the order that had been set and that was no longer correct.

Names like Campal, Brossa, Fernando Millán, Antonio Gómez, Pablo del Barco, etc. are some examples of visual poets trying to change the world with more original creations that entered not only through the ears but also through the eyes.

Many of them are still active, others are starting this literary trend. The works of Eduardo Scala, Yolanda Pérez Herraras and J. Ricart are well known. There is really a long list and social networks themselves have augmented visual poetry as there are many images and compositions that evolve what started with calligrams years ago.

Types of visual poetry

Visual poetry isn't exactly unique. It has different genres that classify it according to the visual elements used. This way you can find:

Visual poetry only typographically

In this case, it is distinguished by the fact that only the letters are used to form original creations that will grab the attention of readers, either by distributing the letters in a certain way or by adding color to those that are being advertised want etc.

The one who combines letters and drawings

In this case, not only the words of the poem are important, but also the pictures themselves, which in many cases are related to the words. For example, there is the picture of a safety pin where the word is separated so that the pin bears the letters "missable" and the "Im" stays where the object is attached.

The one who draws with letters (it is the purest visual poetry as it is based on calligrams)

They really are the calligrams that led to visual poetry. In fact, there aren't that many who dare because of the difficulties involved, but it's still on the rise, especially with the use of the ancient poets and writers.

Combine letters and color

We could say it's some kind of visual poem between image and wordsBut instead of using a photo, a painting comes into play that was either created specifically for the visual set or uses a different one and gives it that poetic touch.

Combine letters and photography

It differs from pictures or paintings in that actual photographs of objects are used, not drawings or figurative creations of those objects. Because of this, they are more realistic and have a greater impact if they give the reader or anyone who sees them a different use for the object they can have in the home.

Create a collage

A collage is a series of photographs that are placed in a specific way to create a composition. Along with words, it can be turned into a form of visual poetry (although in this case it is more likely to be used for promotional or commercial purposes).

Visual poetry on video

It's a relatively new trend, but it's booming, especially in social networks. It is based on animation to give more consistency to the designs.

The Evolution of Visual Poetry: Cyberpoetry

Same as that visual poetry developed from calligrams, This has also given way to a new way of looking at poetry. We talk about that Cyberpoetry, one that is characterized by the use of digital media for creation and development. For example, hypertexts, animations, three-dimensionality, etc. are used. and even something that has not yet been seen but already exists, the use of virtual reality.

So visual poetry relates more to the visual arts or graphic design than to literature, as the text itself is not as important as the visual of the whole.

What do you think of visual poetry?