What is noun apposition

The apposition

Appositions are noun or Noun groupswho have favourited a noun describe in more detail. They are always right next to the reference word.


Lukas Berger, the best in class, got a bad grade.

The best in class is here the apposition, which describes the noun ("Lukas Berger") in more detail.

In which case does the apposition stand?

The apposition always stands in the same case as the nounwhich she describes in more detail:

Case example
Nominative This is Mrs. Schneider, the mother of Chris.
Genitive This is Frau Schneider's car, the mother of Chris.
dative I have Mrs. Schneider, the mother of Chris, waved.
accusative I have Mrs. Schneider, the mother of Chris, welcomed.

Commas in appositions

In sentences with appositions, you have to pay particular attention to the correct placement of commas:

If the apposition is in the Middle of sentence, she is through two commas locked in:

Judge, our neighbor, has a dog.

If the apposition is on End of sentence, she is through a comma separated from the main clause:

I'm going to buy a new top today a T-shirt.

If the apposition belongs to the name, becomes no comma set:
Philip the beautiful was king of France.

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Recognize apposition

Attention: The apposition can be very similar to the relative clause, as both describe a reference word more closely.


Tina, Clara's big sister, is in 7th grade. (Apposition)

Tina, the Clara's big sister is, is in the 7th grade. (Relative clause)

Compared to the relative clause, the apposition has ...

  • no relative pronoun (in the example: the),
  • no verb (in the example: is).