Why did Richard Dawkins get divorced
childhood and education:
Richard Dawkins was born on March 26, 1941, the son of an Allied Forces officer stationed in Nairobi. He spent the first eight years of his life in Kenya before the family returned to England in 1949. In later years Richard Dawkins stated that as a child he had already dealt intensively with doubts about a world created by God. As a teenager he was already convinced that the belief in the existence of God and an "intelligent design" of all living things had become superfluous due to the scientific achievements of Charles Darwin. After finishing school and college, Richard Dawkins began studying biology at Oxford University, graduating in 1962. He stayed at Oxford and received his PhD in 1966 from the famous Dutch professor and later Nobel Prize in Medicine, Nikolaas Tinbergen, who was instrumental in establishing the scientific subject of ethology on animal behavior in Great Britain.
Academic career and academic achievement :
A year after his doctorate in zoology, Richard Dawkins took a position as an assistant professor at the University of California at Berkeley and continued this position until 1969. In Berkeley he took part in numerous student demonstrations against warfare and campaigned for more rights for great apes. After his work in the USA, which shaped his socialist outlook significantly, he returned to England and took up a position as professor of zoology at New College, Oxford, which he held until 1995. During his long tenure as a lecturer at Oxford, Richard Dawkins published much of his highly successful work, which led Budapest-born US billionaire Charles Simonyi to take up a professorship at Oxford with funds exceeding one and a half million pounds, namely the Charles Simonyi Establish Professor of the Public Understanding of Science. Richard Dawkins took over this chair in 1995 and ended his career as a scientist for it. Since 1994 Dawkins has not published any scientific papers written with colleagues. In 2008 he announced the end of his activity for the institution founded by Simonyi. He announced that he wanted to finally withdraw from the academic environment for reasons of age.
Richard Dawkins appeared as a popular scientist from 1976 when he published his first work and one of his most successful books "The Selfish Gene". In it, the biologist and zoologist defines the gene as the only decisive unit in the struggle for survival of living beings of all kinds. According to Dawkins, genes use the body of a human or animal as an automaton or tool in the course of natural selection. With his work Dawkins not only reached a worldwide readership, but also revolutionized evolutionary biology. The scientists of the time only argued about whether natural selection took place on the level of individual species, as Edward Wilson had suggested, or, as suggested by Ernst Mayr, on the basis of the individual. With "The Selfish Gene", Dawkins introduced a completely new perspective into the discussion by advocating the idea that humans and animals are programmed by genes as automated living beings. His first book caused a lot of excitement not only in professional circles and was translated into over twelve languages. "The Selfish Gene" established Richard Dawkins as an innovative thinker and paved his way to an unprecedented career. All of the author's subsequently published works became international bestsellers.
Dawkins began his fight against belief in God in 1986 when he published "The Blind Watchmaker". In it he dealt with the biological ideas of the Victorian writer William Paley and tried to refute his arguments for the existence of a god. The work ends with his conviction that Darwin made it possible to be an intellectually fulfilled atheist. Like "The Blind Watchmaker", all of his follow-up works, including "River out of Eden" and "Unveawing the Rainbow", were published in millions and were in countless languages translated. When Dawkins published "The God Delusion" in 2006, in German "Der Gotteswahn", he celebrated such a resounding success as he had with "The Selfish Gene". "The God Delusion" became one of the most influential and most discussed works of the early 21st century, sold over 1.5 million copies in the English-speaking world alone and has been translated into 31 languages. In the 575-page book, the author deals with God and his portrayal as a fictional figure. Dawkins describes God in "The God Delusion" among other things as a racist, jealous, misogynistic, bloodthirsty, malicious, homophobic, unforgivable and fundamentally malicious being and advocates agnostic and atheistic thinking. Since the publication of "The God Delusion", Dawkins has been repeatedly confronted with sometimes violent criticism from colleagues and scientists in other disciplines and has been called a fundamentalist by some. With several TV productions, including the documentary series "The Root of All Evil?" From 2006, Dawkins showed religious fundamentalism in different countries and its consequences for human coexistence.
Richard Dawkins married the writer Marian Stamp while he was still an assistant professor at Berkeley. The marriage lasted seventeen years. In the year of his divorce from Marian Stamp, Dawkins married Eve Barham, who became the mother of his only daughter. Since 1992 he has been married to the British actress, author and illustrator Lalla Ward, who is best known to a broad television audience in Great Britain through the BBC cult series "Doctor Who".
Even if his publications regularly cause controversy, the positive influence of the scientist on the way of thinking of modern man cannot be denied. In 2005 the British magazine "Prospect" named him one of the most important and influential intellectuals in the world. Numerous prestigious awards, including the Shakespeare Prize as well as the Literature Prize of the Los Angeles Times and the Royal Society, testify to the international recognition of a scientist who no longer just wants to defend the theory of evolution, but has moved out of his field of expertise, genetic research, and people into it would like to lead to constantly questioning existing thought patterns.
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