Can arthritis pain relievers be harmful?


Painful joint? Joint inflammation!

A painful joint can be caused by inflammation of the joint (arthritis). This is triggered, among other things, by bacteria, gout or rheumatism.

Arthritis: Inflammatory joint disease

Arthritis is an inflammatory joint disease. It must be clearly distinguished from osteoarthritis, joint wear and tear. In the case of osteoarthritis, one speaks of a degenerative change in "cold" events. In arthritis, inflammation is in principle involved Overheating, swelling, and redness connected. There is also pain. The mobility of the joint is severely restricted. Fluid can build up in the joint and become one Joint effusion come. If pus forms one speaks of a Joint empyema.

Forms of arthritis

Arthritis can acute be or chronic run away. She will inter alia. differentiated according to the affected area:

However, all other joints can also be affected by arthritis.

Terms briefly clarified

+ If a joint is inflamed, one speaks of one Monoarthritis.
+ If the inflammation affects several joints, this is called Polyarthritis.
+ At one Arthritis mutilans several small joints are affected with severe damage. In these cases, deformities of the hands or feet can be seen up to the loss of body parts or tissues. This can result in a rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritisorArthropathia neuropathica be the case.
+ From one acute arthritis one speaks when the joint inflammation occurs suddenly.
+ One chronic arthritis on the other hand, there is when a joint is inflamed more often or for a longer period of time.

Causes of arthritis

Infections are very common causes of arthritis. In most cases it is a bacterial arthritis. Bacteria infect a joint directly through a wound. Often are Staphylococci or Streptococci involved. Inflammation of an already existing source of infection can also migrate to the joint via the transport of blood. This happens, for example, in the course of borreliosis (Lyme arthritis).

In bacterial or purulent arthritis, the germs reach the joint in 3 ways:

about the blood

as a result of other diseases, such as gonorrhea (gonorrhea) or inflammation of the lining of the heart (endocarditis)

from the outside

from injuries or unsterile injections, punctures or operations on the joint

through neighboring areas

often due to an inflammation of the bone or a bacterial soft tissue infection of the tissues surrounding the joint

Typical Pathogen are:

  • Staphylococci
  • Streptococci
  • Escherichia coli
  • Haemophilus influenzae

Another form of infectious arthritis is that reactive arthritis. It occurs as a reaction to an infection distant from the joint. Therefore, the pathogens are not detected in the joint. Possible triggers are, for example, chlamydia, which affect the genital organs.

A non-bacterial arthritis is triggered by fungi or occurs together with other non-infectious diseases such as
Psoriasis or gout.

The very painful one Gout arthritis (arthritis urica) is caused by an increased uric acid level. This metabolic disease is common the metatarsophalangeal joint affected. The big toe is warm, swollen, red and painful.

Often it comes to non-bacterial joint inflammation of the rheumatic type, including the Rheumatoid arthritis belongs. Rheumatoid arthritis is by night and morning Joint pain, one Morning stiffness of the joints as well as a Swelling in the metacarpophalangeal and medial joints of the fingers marked.

Our reading tip: You can read more about this in our rheumatism guide.

At a Psoriatic arthritis the person concerned suffers from psoriasis, which is accompanied by inflammation of the joints. This chronic inflammatory disease belongs to the rheumatic type. An autoimmune reaction is responsible for both psoriasis and joint inflammation. Bechterew's disease or Crohn's disease are others Autoimmune diseasesthat can cause arthritis.

Our reading tip: You can read more about this in our guide to psoriasis.

Arthritis can also develop in a joint that has been severely damaged by osteoarthritis. With this form of joint inflammation, doctors speak of one activated osteoarthritis.

Arthritis symptoms

In arthritis, the affected joint is overheated, red and swollen. If the inflamed joint is put under pressure, the pain increases. The mobility is limited. Sometimes a joint effusion can be felt.

Affected people often feel dull, have no appetite and have a fever.

Already knew?

Also children can be affected by inflammation of the joints. They then want to be worn frequently and have a pronounced reluctance to play.

Is it a rheumatoid arthritis this is mainly characterized by morning joint pain and joint stiffness. The swelling shows up in the metacarpophalangeal and median joints.

Symptoms at a glance

- joint pain
- Overheat
- redness
- limited mobility
- joint effusion
- joint empyema

At rheumatoid arthritis are added:
- night and morning joint pain
- Morning stiffness of the joints
- Swelling in the metacarpophalangeal and median joints

Common medication for arthritis

For arthritis, treatment is based on its cause. An underlying condition, such as gouty arthritis, should always be treated.

In addition, general measures must be taken:

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At rheumatoid arthritis are special Rheumatism drugs (basic therapeutics) suitable. Medicines with the active ingredients Methotrexate, sulfasalazine, and chloroquine, which belong to the basic therapeutic agents, are available by prescription.

Further treatment options:

  • at chronic joint inflammation: Physiotherapy, physical therapy or occupational therapy as minimally invasive operations during a jointoscopy or open joint surgery
  • at acute infections: Antibiotics
  • at Arthritis due to autoimmune diseases: Immunosuppressants

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Dietary supplement for arthritis

Dietary supplements contain various minerals, vitamins, amino acids or secondary plant substances. They can be used in conjunction with therapy. Lycopene, the red pigment from tomatoes, is a powerful antioxidant. It helps to reduce inflammatory processes in the joint caused by free radicals.

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Prevent arthritis

Arthritis is best done with one healthynutrition and prevent physical activity. Eat little meat. Because it contains Arachidonic acid. This promotes inflammatory processes in our body. Lean meat has a lower content and is therefore preferable to fatty meat. Alternatively, fish is recommended. Because this has an anti-inflammatory effect. Fish is rich in iodine, selenium, vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids. Eat fish twice a week to prevent arthritis.

In addition to fish, however, you should consume other foods that contain vitamin E. These include vegetable oils such as olive oil, rapeseed oil and wheat germ oil. Sunflower seeds, flax seeds and nuts are also ideal sources of vitamin E.

Vitamin E is one of the antioxidants. These intercept the free radicals. Therefore, they have a positive effect on inflammatory joint diseases. Dietary supplements help to cover a corresponding need to support a healthy diet.

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Build exercise into your everyday life. Take the stairs instead of the elevator or the bike instead of the car. Find an endurance sport that you do regularly. Are ideal sportsthat train the muscles that support the joints. This works very well with walking, cycling, swimming and aqua fitness. These endurance sports have another advantage: They are easy on the joints.

Our pages are for your information only and are not a substitute for diagnosis and treatment by the doctor.

For information on risks and side effects, read the package insert and ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Despite careful research and the use of reliable sources, errors can sometimes creep into our texts. Help us improve. Send information to: [email protected]

As of: 24.06.2020

For reasons of better legibility, the male form is used in the text for personal names. It goes without saying, however, that the information relates to members of both sexes.