Which police forces wear Glocks

October 29, 2020 - Issue 45

Letters to the editor on "Down in the future" by Petra Pinzler

 

The basic assumptions of the Wuppertal scientists are not shared by everyone. Economies that want to catch up with the western standard, ie “poor” countries and emerging economies, see our prosperity as being based on the burning of large amounts of fossil fuels that have already taken place. It therefore does not seem really fair to these countries to ignore the CO2 that has already been powdered into the air and is still effective. According to this point of view, the rich West has already overstimulated its contingent, poorer countries should at least get a significantly larger share of the remaining contingents. This position is quite understandable for me, but the West cannot bring itself to such concessions. The different positions regarding a “just” solution block the indispensable supranational process.

Another difficult-to-solve dilemma with regard to the basic assumptions is that an individually identical CO2 emission right at group level creates incentives for high birth rates in order to increase the group's share of the total quota. This is not only counterproductive for the climate. That may sound theoretical at first, but in my opinion it is by no means. Frederick the Great wanted to make Prussia stronger through more people. And today's authoritarian regimes in particular have plenty of opportunities to control demographic developments. At the national level, one can ultimately never talk about “climate targets”, but only about emissions targets. These are of course - under certain basic assumptions that have not been agreed - based on the “climate targets”.

However, “climate goals” in the narrower sense are reserved for the international community. Of course, one cannot wait to take national measures until the great supranational litter has been conceived. Of course, there is also a “thorny opportunity” in the pioneering role of an individual state. With Europe, however, a first supranational framework almost imposes itself. A European solution would have a significantly higher appeal due to its supranational character. There are now some studies on the concrete feasibility of German emission targets. From my point of view, at least one of these studies could have been dedicated to a concrete solution proposal at the European level. Just next to it is also over ... p.S .: and please do not speak of Ms. Merkel as "Climate Chancellor", that would be pure propaganda ... - Christian Voll

 

I read your interesting article (Down in the Future) on the path to climate neutrality. It would also be interesting to take up the aspect how local municipalities can strive for climate neutrality. In my city (Giessen), progress is slow because there are those who have doubts (including the OB) who point out that the city cannot do it on its own. It is different in the neighboring city of Marburg, where there is already a concept. - Stefan Kaisers

 

The Wuppertal study assumes unreal high increases in efficiency, in addition to very high imports of CO2-free energies (where from and at what cost?) And "an unprecedented amount of effort in energy renovation as well as a massive replacement of fossil heating systems, especially for heat pumps". Germany has enough qualified craftsmen who can renovate and modernize around 40 million residential units at low cost in no time at all. In addition, some proposals from Wuppertal would hardly stand a chance before the Federal Constitutional Court. Even an increase in wind and PV capacities to 300 or 200 GW would result in only 6 GW for many hours on a cold winter evening in the dark (<2% of the wind farms available; PV = 0!). In addition to other RE capacities (of 17 GW, which is optimistically high in the cold), less than 23 GW would be available for many hours.

Without large-scale storage, this would be enough to charge the hoped-for e-cars with batteries in 2035. Oh so: Wuppertal has already assumed huge available H2 storage (technology, safety, costs, timely charging with many billion kWh H2, ... ???)! That is nevertheless "beneficial": Germany with less than 2% share of greenhouse gases saves the world alone from the climate catastrophe! Too bad if the world population continues to rise to 9 billion! Freu Pinzler's ignorance of energy and environmental issues is only surpassed by her “courage” to publish ZEIT texts with almost no substantial content.

- Of the 4,000 million kWh required, only 700 million kWh (17.5%) come from RE. • For loads well over 70 GW, there were 23.5 hours (39.2% of the hours) with EE availability <10 GW and almost all of the 60 (exactly 59) hours with EE availability < 18 GW. For 24 consecutive hours (average) wind capacity <1,180 MW was available, which corresponds to 2.0% of the installed capacity (max. 2520 MW; min. 630 MW). Such “unfortunate weather conditions” simply cannot exist from 2030! - Prof. emer. Dr. Wolfgang Ströbele

 

For a good two years now, there have been interesting articles on the human problem of the climate crisis in ZEIT. Almost every contribution so far justified a deep pessimism about a climate rescue and thus banishing the apocalypse threatening us. Petra Pinzler's article is deeply unsettling and disturbing in what she put on paper and what she leaves out. If the young generation of Fridays-for-Future is to get by without an apocalypse from 2050, then it has to be done today in the countries that are primarily responsible for the climate problem.

Germany, a climate-neutral country, would be desirable if all other countries did the same and also became climate-neutral; but that is simply utopian. Photovoltaics and wind turbines with constant mobility (e-cars) and high consumption will not solve a climate crisis. It must be said to all people with great clarity and abundance: the Fridays-for-Future generation only has one chance of survival on this earth if society breaks with its consumption habits, uses its resources very sparingly and significantly reduces its number. “Who can call the child by its correct name? …. "- Wolf Luebcke

 

Two scientific theories are briefly presented and immediately lamented that current politics do not implement them. I would have expected that at least once the statements of the theories would be checked for their resilience. E.g. "And the food too, because the researchers are assuming slightly different eating habits: less milk, less meat, more poultry, more organic food" Isn't that meant less pork and beef because poultry is also meat, isn't it? How much more poultry should be produced? How is that compatible with factory farming?

And if you actually replaced the demand for pork and beef with poultry, how much CO2 would these masses of poultry produce? Is the sum of the exhaust gases produced by these animals really less? Everything is written down nicely, occasional lateral thinking might be helpful. Just because scientists come up with goal-oriented theses do not have to be correct and it is the task of politics to question this and only act when one has reliable results. But Ms. Pinzler would be free to get involved politically and to do better. - Ulf C. Hermanns - from the heath

 

Thanks for your article! Seldom has anyone described the problem and the simultaneous inability of our rulers to solve it (or work sufficiently towards a solution) so clearly and clearly. One wonders how often and how loudly leading climate scientists have to shout out before our politicians take concrete action (except for symbolic politics)?

Another science also provides answers: psychology. Your example of EU subsidies for farmers, which block important reforms towards environmentally friendly production methods, is not an isolated case, but rather (as is so often the case in environmental policy) the rule. The current goal of a subgroup collides with the sustainable, overarching goal of the community.

This can be applied to many industries, economic sectors and countries (and also to individuals). Subgroups almost always strive more for a short-term economic advantage than to forego now in order to gain an advantage in the future. In the case of the climate crisis, that would also be one less badCondition than to be exposed to the forecast. Actually coping with or solving the - known - problem will be postponed to future generations.

This is all the more tragic since we have the knowledge to act: the technical, economic and social solutions are on the table. A conversion to a sustainable way of life is (still) possible. But the psychological, sociological and cultural opposing forces are enormous - especially because these forces are aimed at maintaining a system of centuries-old, previously successful basic convictions and values. In 300,000 years of human evolution, and especially in the last 12,000 years, the surrounding nature was considered to be "outlawed": it was simply available to make maximum use of it.

The "side effects" could be ignored for a long time. With global warming, that is no longer possible. Let's hope that another miracle will happen: that honest, independent politicians, courageously and resolutely, will make the necessary decisions instead of using symbolic politics, tactical arithmetic games and evasive maneuvers to save themselves during the legislative period. It is well known that hope dies last. - Jan Frehse

 

Good to know how immense the technological effort is to achieve climate neutrality in 2050. But is that possible with an economic system based on growth (1.3% / a)? Energy productivity and primary energy consumption have remained at the same high level for years (DeStatis). A similar picture emerges when it comes to raw material consumption. The decoupling of environmental consumption and GDP has so far failed. The Wuppertal Institute was involved in the Agora study. On its website, under the heading “Prosperity, Consumption and Lifestyles”, the institute takes the view: “… the overexploitation of resources can no longer be technically controlled” and advocates new lifestyles. In the Algora study, the institute dispensed with this aspect of a transformation. The citizens are not challenged - a contradiction !? - Peter Vollmer

 

It is true that carbon dioxide contributes to global warming, but not by generating heat, but by absorbing heat. In order for carbon dioxide to develop its absorbing effect, heat must first be available. Heat is generated when burning fossil fuels, but also when consuming the regeneratively generated electricity from wind turbines and solar systems - and that without carbon dioxide emissions! The real problem is the energy-consuming human culture, which is producing more and more (waste) heat through industry and traffic, household and media technology.

And the carbon dioxide basically does what it did with the natural greenhouse effect, closing the “window” to space, now maybe a little tighter. A note on this: In the last 50 years the carbon dioxide content in the atmosphere has increased from 330 ppm to 410 ppm, but the number of people on our earth more than doubled in this period: from 3.5 to 7.8 billion ! Global warming and climate change are therefore due to the typical human culture. And that won't change anytime soon, unless you want to deny people in developing countries access to technical progress. With kind regards and best wishes for good health! - Dr. Manfred Gutz

 

The studies you mentioned - at least in your texts - do not mention NPPs as a CO2-saving energy source. Now this is almost only a sensitive topic in Germany and we will also miss our climate targets, as an example France is now much cheaper with 75% nuclear power and 17.5% power from green energy per capita! (By the way, 452 NPPs were in operation worldwide in 2019, the number is increasing!) I am convinced that in 1-2 decades this topic will also be viewed differently in Germany, hopefully not too late. - Juergen Keller

 

And again the mantra of the energy transition: The expansion of renewables must be driven forward. That is basically correct, but unfortunately not the whole truth, for a long time. As a reminder, something fundamental again: For a stable supply of electrical energy, this must be generated at the moment it is needed, otherwise there is a risk of network disruptions. This means that the fluctuating generation of renewables has to be brought into line with demand in some way. At the moment, this is mainly done by adapting the operation of conventional power plants and the targeted use of pumped storage power plants. The conventional power plants will no longer be available in the foreseeable future, so their part will have to be provided in another way.

And there we come to the many other construction sites that have to be worked through in addition to the further expansion of renewables in order to make the energy transition a success and thus also to achieve the climate targets. The following list is certainly not complete and the order is also not a valuation: - Storage, this can be in potential, kinetic, chemical or other form - Transport and distribution, locations of producers and consumers must be connected to one another - Decentralization to the previously mentioned To minimize the point - intelligent networking in order to adapt the consumption as much as possible to the fluctuating generation - etc. etc. And last but not least: The best kilowatt hour is the one that does not have to be generated. I leave it to your imagination what that can mean for each individual. I hope to broaden the perspective a little with these remarks. - Thomas Weisse

 

I read your post with interest. Everything reads very well. But from my point of view there must be other ways. We talked far too much and implemented far too little, including in your contribution, sorry. We have been discussing climate goals for years and continue to exploit our planet on the side. The most important thing is that everything grows, especially the economy. But at some point there is nothing left to fuel the economy. We are running out of raw materials. In addition, more and more machines are working for us. All over. At some point, labor will hardly be needed any more. But who should consume then? Post-growth economists have been dealing with this topic for many years. They show other ways. Away from consumption. Read the book, ALL YOU NEED IS LESS ‘. Very illuminating! And above all, we shouldn't wait so long with the transformation explained there ... - Achim Bothmann

 


 

Letters to the editor on “And who will protect us?” By Mouhanad Khorchide

 

As an avid time reader and committed Christian, I also regularly read the above rubric. Mr. Korchide has once again put his finger in "Wound Islam". A German journalist would not dare to write such an article. So I think it's good that you keep putting your finger in the wound as “time”. Who is protecting us? This question is legitimate. I have the impression that our Federal Government only reflexively expresses its regrets on an attack and then goes back to the agenda. I hope that you will also send this article to Angela Merkel personally.

If the federal government does not succeed in protecting the liberal Muslims who are justified in criticizing Islam, then we will be amazed at what Europe will look like in 10 to 15 years. Are there any German journalists who criticize Islam? I'm tired of hearing over and over again that the attacks have nothing to do with Islam. I would be very grateful that you continue to critically monitor the development of Islam in Germany and Europe. I know that the silent majority of Muslims in Germany support the free democratic order. But so little is heard from you. In addition, the government must ensure that Erdogan's unspeakable funding of the Imane ends. - Helmut Köther

 

Thank you for this voice of liberal Islam. I have always believed that our state would support such voices, but had to learn from Mr Khorchide that it is still difficult to express such opinions safely. This is very shameful, because his positions in particular would go a long way towards closing the widening gap between Muslims (especially younger ones) and non-Muslims. If this does not succeed, only the agitators in the Islamist and right-wing extremist areas will benefit. - Jens Kleber

 

Thank you for this article. I have to start by saying that I am an atheist, so I have a distant attitude towards all religions.Of course, however, I respect the beliefs of others as long as they do not interfere in my life and tend to be violent (mentally and physically). I understand your point of view and your conclusion that we should no longer allow such (my comment: any) identitary thinking to divide our country.

Just as in the case of the Catholic Church and the repulsive abuse cases there, I would like more clarity and clarity in the resistance against Islamist acts of violence. I would like to see a clearly expressed opinion and backbone on the part of Muslims as well as on the part of Christians. I am very sorry that your life, like that of some others who are telling the truth (e.g. Hamed Abdel-Samad and Seyran Ates) must be so restricted in order to protect you. - Annette Haagen

 

Mr. Khorchide writes: "The insistence on the alleged division of our society according to religious affiliations is an identity-political error ...". I agree. If identities are given as a fixed pattern (by whatever stakeholder), people are manipulated and people try to withhold their own development and decision-making options. One gains identity through one's own experiences, questioning and through dialogical behavior - after all, one is not alone in the world, neither as an individual nor as a group.

So what's a way to get out of this mess? To begin with the above quote: Errors belong to us humans, but insisting on erroneous identities that have been adopted across the board makes it dangerous. In the context discussed here, the point is to take a step back from the current social situation and to ask the question of what religion is or could be. Are there generally binding criteria for this? Admittedly, if the answer to this question is not to be guided by given beliefs, it can be difficult. With punctual answers you get stuck in your own echo room. But even then one can approach an answer by excluding everything that religion cannot be: violence, discrimination and arrogance.

It follows that Salafist and Islamist activism has nothing to do with politics or religion. It is nothing more than focusing on standardized concepts of life and reality, i.e. avoiding personal responsibility for one's own thoughts, feelings and actions. But if you strive for self-acquired identities, Hasan al-Banna's exclusist slogan that Islam is the solution is not correct, but for Muslims it could then be: Islam can be one of many other solutions.

p.s. Dear Mr. Kochide, a few days ago I started reading your book “God's False Lawyers”. I only got to p. 55, but I would like to thank you for the historical context. Even if I can't remember all of this in detail, it's an important, quasi-lexical contribution. - Christoph Müller-Luckwald

 

It deserves great recognition that ZEIT always puts the subject of Islam / Islamism at the top of the agenda. All the more so as a large part of the population is ignorant of the terminology. The religious educator Mouhanad Khorchide, leading representative of an enlightened, liberal and humane Islam, clarifies this. Why is it not heard by the politicians? Their main contact is of all people Aiman ​​Mazyek, chairman of the smallest of 4 Muslim associations (ZMD), a self-proclaimed upper Muslim, as even some Muslims scoff. Mazyek is one of the leading representatives of Islamism. ”He wants to make a literal, fundamentalist interpretation of the Koran law, the law of God. “Haven't our politicians understood that yet? This is the only way to explain that no politician has yet spoken in ZEIT. Or is it cowardice before the enemy? - Günter Riemer

 

I only saw your article after Ms. Kelek's article, otherwise I might have reacted to both articles together in a single letter to the editor, because in my opinion the problem is basically the same, namely the insistence associated with many advantages for - heterosexual - men on patriarchal traditions and on an understanding of the Koran as a direct revelation from God. With this, the rule of the man over the woman and of the Muslim over the non-Muslim can be justified as God's will. In addition, such an exclusivity claim of Islam with regard to the quality of the revelation is justified:

After all, the major Christian denominations recognized a long time ago that the Gospels were not dictated to the evangelists by an angel, but that they are testimonies of faith from the authors and should be examined critically. I wish you and your comrades-in-arms that the German politicians finally recognize how important your work on the reform of Islam is for the integration and the promotion of lawful and constitutional behavior of the local Muslims, and that you can be protected from attacks as well finally take appropriate civil and criminal action against lies and defamation on the Internet. - Dr. Ulrich Willmes

 

I fear that the radical defenders of the faith (whatever faith) are right about one thing: the enlightenment is ultimately the end of religion, science has replaced it as the place of truth and man has given himself human rights (autonomy as self-legislation) , so that God replaced as lawgiver and freed himself from his dictates (autonomy as freedom).

It owes the boom that religion has recently experienced to its opposition to existing systems of rule. Both during the Cold War as an opponent to socialism (see Poland) and after the fall of socialism as an opponent to the West (capitalism / colonialism). Here (in the West) the church resignations prove the inevitable end of religions, their demise may take a long time and claim many sacrifices. This (the downfall) also applies to the perverse surrogate religions such as fascism (blood and soil), Scientology, and others. - Dieter Herrmann

 

I have read your article carefully. you do not need any protection from those of other faiths. if you could agree with other highly intelligent people, christians, jews, hindus, budhists, taoists etc. on a common global ethic on this planet !! ?? then, yes, then they all needed these auxiliary structures such as religions, gods, churches, mosques and what other offers are no longer available in the area !!! yes then, there can finally be peace on this earth and we can finally use all this energy, which is forgotten in this useless "belief", in a positive way for humanity. just make a cost / benefit calculation, it's easy with a t-account. maybe that will help to gain a broader understanding of what our society really needs. - klaus j clemens

 

In the current issue (Die Zeit No. 45/2020) you wrote what I think is an extremely keenly analyzed and intelligent article about the functioning of political Islam, which can be an eye-opener for many. I was particularly impressed by the apparently so obvious realization of the need to reconcile political Islam with pluralism and freedom in order to be able to see it as part of a free European society - and this realization can be applied to many other political arenas and attitudes as well . Trump's America and the rise of the right in Europe are just two very obvious examples.

A religion or a worldview that has no open ears for criticism and no willingness to engage in critical discourse will also not be there for people's constantly changing problems; rather, people are instrumentalized for the problems of the doctrine that are then pushed aside. So it will always polarize, polemize and ultimately not be able to exist through content but only in radical agitation. Thank you for the really enlightening text, which I hope will reach many. - Johann-Baptist Kleber

 

A professor with Palestinian roots who teaches Islamic religious education in Münster tries to rid his religion of extremism and radicalism. Whether this will succeed is more than doubtful, as the powerful forces of political Islam and Salafism are constantly increasing their influence on everyday political life in Europe. The apologists of a radical Islam ignore and oppose the achievements of the European Enlightenment. Instead, they propagate the totalitarian claim of their religion, which unfortunately is also more or less openly supported by many rulers of Islamic countries.

The believers are unfortunately severely restricted in their political orientation in this way - with full intent, of course. This type of exercise of power can be seen well in the politics of the Turk Erdogan or the Arab Saudis, where an apparent amalgamation of secular and spiritual power is demonstrated. It is more than questionable whether this will help the believers to deepen their understanding of Islam. But the politicians in many Islamic countries are less interested in that because they are only fixated on winning this age-old game with religious longings and political hopes for the purpose of exercising power. - Klaus Reisdorf

 


 

Letters to the editor on “Born in Germany Life expectancy: 81.2 years. Born in Germany Life expectancy: 75.8 years ”by Henning Sußebach

 

I have been reading “Die Zeit” for many years, in grade 1 I use the class set with great success, many Abitur texts in Baden-Württemberg have been published in your newspaper. Today, as usual, I open my valued weekly newspaper and then I notice the selection of images in the book “Dossier”. Even the choice of the basic color is suggestive, the red background stands for the SPD. The blue color stands for Bavaria? At least the color of the country allows this assumption. Intention? Certainly. The arm of the boy from Bremerhaven is shown, this boy has / obviously suffers from neurodermatitis / endogenous eczema. The arm of the boy from Bavaria looks like you would imagine a child's hand.

Nothing flashy, sleek, a little greasy. What do you want to convey with this selection of images? Small children suffering from neurodermatitis have a lower life expectancy? Only children from poor backgrounds get atopic dermatitis? Does the illness have anything to do with the established party? Thank you for providing me with such a clear example for my community class in order to treat the press coverage in an extremely differentiated manner. Here, the images create an impression that cannot be understood as a whole. This creates a mood. The combination of image and text obviously looks good, serves resentment and thus obviously your interest in the public. Pity! - Susanne Landes

 

Exciting article on the life expectancy of men and women in Germany! And it is always important to point out the serious consequences of poverty. Nevertheless, another factor seems to have to be taken into account: The graphs on page 17 show that life expectancy is particularly low for both men and women in a very specific area of ​​the republic. There was the chemistry triangle of the GDR. It's hard to imagine that this shouldn't have any impact on life expectancy. - Violetta Paprotta

 

Every time my old hometown Bremerhaven sets negative records in connection with poverty, unemployment, the death rate and a shift to the right, I am very angry. How can it be that nothing has changed for the better in the Lehe district since my childhood in the sixties? The research on the crises in this city is conscientious and correct, but ignores the fact that Bremerhaven operates one of the largest container ports in the world. It seems to be more of a distribution problem if the population does not participate in the turnover of goods but at the same time luxury quarters are created in the New Harbor. At the same time, in the immediate vicinity, Hafenstrasse is degenerating into a ghetto. In this city politics has totally failed. - Andreas Golanowski

 

The report shocked me. But there are even more terrible scenarios than not experiencing the end of the century (which will certainly lead to a lifelong trauma): There are people who die at the age of 20 !! Next, I expect statistics on the different life expectancy of blue-eyed and brown-eyed people. Old white man from Saarland, which has been dirty and sooty for decades (coal and steel industry), who still doesn't envy anyone who lives three or five years longer: - emer. Prof. Werner Koetz

If one uses articles 72 and 106 of the Basic Law (GG) as a benchmark for the equivalence of living conditions, the terrifying research results of the Rostock professor for demography Roland Rau on the different life expectancy in some German regions reveal a political failure, as has already been the case in The discussion about the economic decline of some regions in East and West and the drifting apart of the wealth gap between rich and poor in Germany became clear. The federal government's lack of interest in the necessity of reducing the existing difference in life expectancy of five years for German men, as highlighted by Rau, is further evidence of this “repressed injustice”.

Perhaps the politicians are also resting on the fact that life expectancy in Germany is increasing on average every year due to many positive factors, both for men and for women. The ignorance of the requirements of the GG by the rulers in such a prosperous country harms our democracy and should be an alarm signal for all of us, so that the causes for a long life or for an early death are not so different. The living standards for poorer parts of the population such as in Bremerhaven and the associated life expectancy must be improved in order to meet the requirements of the GG! The corona pandemic has exacerbated this screaming injustice. - Hans-Henning Koch

 

Long life - short life The article is interesting. I read it with interest. In the section 3 years there is a sentence published in the Deutsches Ärzteblatt. Before this sentence is warned by the author with the words that he reads something complicated. Dear author, thank you for this intelligence reference, about which I was initially annoyed, but today I can only laugh. May I tell you, I passed the intelligence test, like probably 99% of the readers of ZEIT. - Manfred Mengewein

 

I would like to fan out the term “selective migration” from your article. If the general practitioner in Pullach feels that his group of patients is a low-wage earner and he needs clogs to feel as “tall and straight” as they do, how do people feel there who have been left with wounds? Many poor people migrate to poor cities. I report from Wilhelmshaven, unemployment around 11%, mainly due to immigration. - Here, a single parent with three children in Hartz IV can be assigned a simple terraced house with a garden, while in Cologne, for example, she only lives in a narrow 3-room apartment. The youth welfare office tries hard to care for all children (as in Bremerhaven) and they find many in the school classes who are just like them.

Cities like Bremerhaven and Wilhelmshaven actually deserve compensation for their efforts to help people who are left behind and marginalized in rich areas. The fact that there are so many people over 80 in Germany shows, however, that a long life does not depend so much on wealth, because they were all children of war. The most important thing seems to me to be to be born into a caring, appreciative community; served with simple, freshly cooked food. - Sigrid Linsen Steiner

 

As a woman, I feel attacked by your writing style and see a patriarchal manifesto in your last article. In your article on the life expectancy of Germans in the dossier of October 29, 2020 you write, among other things: “5 years! That is the entire term of office of a Federal President. In the eyes of many men, that is more than the span between two soccer world championships. That is ten times as much time as space travelers estimate for a trip to Mars ”. It is a regression that you mention ONLY males here. Sure, you are a man, but men are not alone in the world.

There are also space travelers, federal presidents and 5 years is FOR EVERYONE more than the span between two soccer world championships. What is this focus on the male gender? These are no longer just linguistic details, but they reveal, with all due respect, your downward look at women in this world.And irony (more than the sum of 735894729 periods for women) would only make it worse. We women prefer not to be named separately, but to be treated as equals. "5 years! That is the entire term of office of a Federal President. That is more than the span between two soccer world championships.

That is ten times as much time as space travelers estimate for a trip to Mars ”. Contemporary. Point. (Neutrality or arbitrary change of gender even include the LGBTQ + community, so would be a win for everyone!) I don't want to read any articles in my ZEIT that put the male gender above the female. If you want to write like this, someone has to de-sexize your texts before they are printed in order to bring their good content linguistically up-to-date. - Marlinde Spira

 


 

Letters to the editor on "Time is running" from Caterina Lobenstein

 

Overall, I find your article very informative. A central point, which will also be addressed in Mr Jorde's follow-up article, is the inadequate pay of the nursing staff. What really bothers me is that there is nowhere what nursing staff actually earn. Of course there will be a salary distribution, but I completely incomprehensible how you can almost leave pages on the topic and not provide the most important information. Without knowing how much nurses earn, I cannot judge whether the salary is reasonable compared to other incomes. - Gerold Schneider, Prof. Dr.

 

I was a little horrified to read the above article. I recommend the author a month-long internship in the hospital. The author writes about the trivialization of the profession and shortly afterwards writes "Experts who know how to gently wash a stranger, ... how to give consolation, ..." As if that is all you learn in training. The fact that nursing training is more than just washing and holding hands is (once again) ignored here. For example, that you need specialist knowledge if you want to administer infusions and medication. Or to ensure good preparation and follow-up work after operations.

And that good conversations between doctors and nurses can prevent mistakes. I have the greatest respect for all nurses who can still hold out under these conditions and who do so much more every day than they have to. Those who often come to work sick because they have no one to fill in. And who then have to be insulted by the patients because they are understaffed. I would have wished for something more than the old clichés. - A. Michael

 

I would like to add the following aspects to the remarkable article on this highly complex topic by Ms. Lobenstein: the origin of nursing, long before the beginning of industrialization, in our Christian-Occidental culture is Caritas, translated: Christian charity and charity, based on Matthew 25, 31-46: ... I was sick and you visited me ... The first carers included nuns - (religious) sisters - who lived in religious communities and who had dedicated their lives to God and their neighbors and their work for God's wages. This job title (nurse) has been preserved in Germany to this day. Why don't caregivers wear the analogous job title brother with the same pride as 9 out of 10 nurses use the job title sister?

What is more and more burdensome for many, especially nurses, is that their early Christian motivation for nursing and care work, Caritas, is shamefully exploited to generate returns, be it in the outpatient or inpatient sector. And then their work for the neighbor is denounced as a helper syndrome (do-gooders?). Nursing and care work is broken down into care minutes so that sophisticated billing and documentation records, which cost the nursing staff more and more time, can be converted into numbers for health and care insurance employees working far away from the patient, for business-minded decision-makers and their assistants.

Personal conversations with patients or the so-called daily structuring are calculated in just a few minutes, as they are difficult to control. This open betrayal of our Christian ideals and basic values ​​cannot be compensated for with money alone. How much hourly wage should it be worth to get an elderly father in need of care out of a smelly and overcrowded diaper in which he has been lying for half the night? God's wages? Or about as much as a testosterone-controlled young investment banker who has just outgrown the diapers earns by pressing the Enter key on his computer after completing a tax-financed business degree?

The weaving error of our profit-oriented health system, which was revealed by the corona pandemic, makes it very clear how hollow our talk about Christian-occidental values ​​has become (jazzed up in a different political context, see crucifixes in Bavarian offices ...) Caritas bites returns. And if primitive financial promises are not kept ... - Dr. C. Aring

 

I personally experienced it in a nursing home: every change in medication or dose had to be 1. entered by hand in a notebook 2. entered into the computer and 3. printed out on a DIN A4 page! Processing piles of dead paper instead of dealing with living old people! Is that supposed to increase the attractiveness of care for young people, in addition to the measly pay? We afford to accommodate 100,000 refugees who - had there been a fair equalization of burdens - would have long since had to be taken over by other “friendly” European states; for their care many additional teachers and social workers, for their supervision, as "special guests", unfortunately, many police officers are needed; who are not even allowed to be deported to their home countries after a crime, terror threat or even murder, because they are threatened with unreasonable injustice or danger to life and limb, to which we are exposed as a matter of course, but not the criminal asylum seekers (see also DIE ZEIT Output).

Instead, we should choose the people ourselves who would like to work in Germany, preferably as nurses and carers, and who would respect our laws and rules! Why not, for a change, a little (over) vital egoism? - Dr. med. Ulrich Pietsch

Everything formulated very correctly and impressively! I also work in the public sector and earn money with a utility company. There was also a strike here. I was against it. But that doesn't change the fact that I unreservedly support a sharp rise in wages for nursing staff! For many other public service workers, however, this strike came at an inopportune time. Entire industries are subject to a professional ban, and we take a big swig from the bottle. We should rather show solidarity and support these professional groups. As an argument I heard from a trade unionist that we finally have to get to the level of VW employees. This is egoism and a resounding slap in the face for people who work hard, but are now slowed down and have existential worries. - Achim Bothmann

 

In your article on page 2 in period 45, I miss the fact that you are "sparing" another stumbling block on the way to fairer pay for caregivers, perhaps because of bite inhibitions? The Verdi union. Few nurses are members of it, you write. But the union took this small clientele to push hard on the tube and to pry with it. But she could also have implemented the lofty intentions of spring to fight for this monetary surcharge, if she had now fought for a special wage increase only for this at the end of 2020 and once, beyond its own shadow, not also for the town hall employees ( e.g.) would have fought. That would have earned Verdi a lot of praise. But here, too, the union is closer to the shirt than the smock (of the few intimate local nurses). Unfortunately. I would have used a little spotlight instead! - Alois Lienhard

 

It is good and extremely important to make the issue of care the subject of an article. However, your consideration of the causes and errors falls short. There is no mistake - there are countless of them! Your consideration extends mainly to the inpatient part of SGB V. Nursing takes place in almost all areas of the 12 social legislation books. Different administrative structures and responsible cost units are not interested in simplification and standardization. The entire social legislation is a jumble without end. I have worked in an outpatient psychiatric nursing service for almost 20 years and have seen how the responsible cost bearers, the health insurance companies, exploit loopholes in the legal requirements in order to save costs. In many areas, for example, there are no prescribed calculation agreements. The price of the service is “negotiated” virtually on demand.

The actual costs of the organization for employees, administration and infrastructure are only superficially the subject of remuneration negotiations. One reason that there are so few collective agreements in this area. The refinancing of salaries and organizations is simply not guaranteed. As far as I know, in the area of ​​SGB XI and the outpatient area of ​​SGB V, this is the main reason that employees are paid so badly. For psychiatry, this means that outpatient psychiatric care (a legally agreed standard care benefit) is virtually non-existent in Germany. The eternal call for union organization does not help at this point.