Why do Spanish words have gender

Spanish nouns / nouns

(Use of nouns in Spanish grammar)

How are nouns used in Spanish?

Basically, they are similar to Spanish Nouns (in Spanish: sustantivos) or. noun (in Spanish: nombres) the German. They can have the same number, i.e. they can be singular or plural as well. In the sentence, however, they are written in lower case, with the exception of proper names. Details:

  • Spanish nouns can also appear in singular and plural (see details on plural formation). You can usually recognize the plural by the '-s' at the end of the word:
    • Singular: bicicleta (bicycle), papel (paper), bolso (bag)
    • Plural: bicicletas (bicycles), papeles (papers), bolsos (bags)
  • Examples of use in sentences:
    • “Todas estas casas son nuevas.” (All of these houses are new.)
    • “El frigorífico está estropeado.” (The refrigerator is broken.)
      • With 'frigorífico' (refrigerator) as a singular noun.

What gender can nouns have?

Spanish nouns also have a grammatical gender (gender), but in contrast to German they can only be masculine (male) or feminine (female) - there are no neutral (neuter) ones. Compare:

Info: Often the gender agrees with that in German, but often not. So it's not reliable. The natural gender (sex) in people usually coincides with the grammatical one.

  • The grammatical gender of nouns can in most cases be assigned based on their endings. Examples with different genders:
    • Male: armario (closet), sol (sun), taller (workshop)
    • Female: televisión (television), lámpara (lamp), habitación (room)
  • The grammatical gender in Spanish does not always match that in German:
    • Immediately: la puerta - the door
      • Both nouns are feminine here.
    • Different: la mesa - the table
      • Here the gender differs.
  • If there is a natural gender (sex), this usually coincides with the grammatical one. Examples:
    • el hombre - the man
      • Male sex and masculine gender
    • la mujer - the woman
      • Sexus feminine and gender feminine
    • Exception: la chica - the girl
      • Since there is no neuter gender in Spanish, the feminine sex is also taken to heart here. The gender of the noun is thus feminine.

What are the special features of nouns in sentences?

Similar to the German must all companions and possibly other elements in the sentence always match the respective noun in terms of gender (gender) and number (number).

Info: The agreement (congruence) does not apply to the case. This does not exist in Spanish, as the roles and relationships are taken over in the set of prepositions. Compare:

  • All companions of Spanish nouns have to be adjusted in the sentence after masculine / feminine and singular / plural. Examples:
    • “Todas lascosas son de Carmen.” (All the things belong to Carmen.)
      • All three words, the pronoun 'todas', the article 'las' and the noun 'cosas' end in '-as'.
  • In addition, the case is omitted in Spanish. You can see this when you use a noun as a subject and an object:
    • “Mi hermano te ha preguntado algo.” (My brother asked you something.)
      • The combination 'mi hermano' is the subject here.
    • “Has preguntado a mi hermano?” (Did you ask my brother?)
      • Here is the 'mi hermano' object; In the German translation you can recognize this by the declined pronoun 'my'.
    • In both cases, the terms 'mi hermano' do not differ in their form - but in German they do.

Explanations related to the topic of "Spanish nouns / nouns"

The following explanations fit the topic of "Use of nouns (nouns) in Spanish grammar" and could therefore also be helpful and interesting: