What are the geographic regions of Africa

Africa


African alliances and trade agreements

Africa is the second largest continent on earth after Asia. Traditionally, Africa is a more rural area, but as in all parts of the world, urbanization is increasing and the population is moving from the countryside to ever larger cities. The largest cities in Africa with more than 5 million inhabitants are currently sorted in descending order of size: Lagos (Nigeria), Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Cairo (Egypt), Ibadan (Nigeria) and Casablanca (Morocco).

Economy and standard of living in Africa

The economic importance of African countries is rather low compared to other continents. In a global comparison, the average income in the least industrialized continent is almost always at the lowest end. However, it must be taken into account that an enormous proportion of the population is considered self-sufficient. This means that in the many agricultural regions, the residents are self-sufficient and therefore do not need any money that could be recorded using the finance-based measurement methods of the industrialized nations. It is assumed that 30% of the sub-Saharan population is self-sufficient and a further 50% have at least a large part of their own supplies through agriculture, animal husbandry and other ways that cannot be measured in monetary terms. Thus, the tax revenues of the federal states and the resulting opportunities to finance infrastructure, education and health care are correspondingly low.

The standard of living is considerably below the average. Life expectancy is well below 60 years and large parts of the population have neither adequate sanitation nor medical care. Even the water supply is insufficient in many populated areas.

However, the picture has been changing for about 20-30 years. Most of the world's fastest growing economies come from Africa. This is also related to changes in political direction, which increasingly show democratic structures and thereby improve economic and personal development. Long-term civil wars have ended and the infrastructure can be expanded due to advancing industrialization. Due to the large desert and rainforest areas, the latter in particular has always been an obstacle to the smooth movement of goods.

Most widely used languages ​​in Africa

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