Is that tinnitus

Tinnitus: symptoms, causes, treatment

Tinnitus (also “tinnitus aurium”; Latin for “ringing ears”) affects around 15 percent of the world's population. Although there is no cure or over-the-counter medication for tinnitus, there are several things you can do to relieve symptoms.
In this article, we will give you more information about tinnitus, its characteristics, causes and treatment options.

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What exactly is tinnitus?

In fact, researchers are not 100 percent sure what tinnitus is. However, they do know that it has a high correlation with hearing loss. Tinnitus is basically described as ringing, buzzing, or hissing in the ears. Chronic tinnitus occurs for more than three months in ten to twenty percent of those affected. The most common cases are seen in patients over 40 years of age. Nevertheless, people of any age are prone to annoying and persistent noises in their ears.

Tinnitus Symptoms: What Is That Sound In Your Ears?

Symptoms can vary from patient to patient. In mild cases, the ringing may feel like a minor disturbance that is more noticeable in quiet environments. However, tinnitus symptoms can sometimes be so loud that they interfere with everyday activities.

Tinnitus Treatment: What Can You Do To Lessen The Ringing In Your Ears?

If tinnitus is associated with your hearing loss, the best way to treat it is to wear hearing aids. About 60 percent of people who have ringing in their ears and wear hearing aids are less aware of tinnitus. Many of the modern hearing aids are equipped with tinnitus maskers. A hearing care professional can activate this feature to program the devices to a comfortable level so that you can hear clearly without any annoying noises in your ears.

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Tinnitus & stress

Stress is one of the main reasons that tinnitus can trigger. When you're stressed out, you tend to hear the ringing sound much louder than it actually is. For this reason, active relaxation can already help to reduce the annoying ringing in your ears. Try to engage in activities that will help you relieve stress quickly and effectively. For example, go for a walk, meditate, or try breathing exercises.

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Tinnitus causes: what can trigger tinnitus?

Hearing care professionals agree that tinnitus is due to damage to the outer hair cells of the cochlea (the part of the inner ear that looks like a snail shell). So the question is how these hair cells were damaged. The reasons can be varied, the two most important being trauma and long-term degradation.

Tinnitus trauma

A trauma can be a single external event, such as an injury or constant exposure to loud noises. Common causes are gunshots and explosions. People who work on noisy machines are at a higher risk of developing ringing in the ears.

Long-term degradation

Similar to trauma, there can be long-term hearing impairment from noise. The difference, however, is that the sounds perceived are not as strong as trauma over the course of a lifetime. For example, going to a lot of loud concerts without earplugs can affect your hearing. In addition, it is not uncommon for you to develop age-related hearing loss as you get older. As already explained, numerous studies link tinnitus with hearing loss. However, if you are younger than 60 and do not wear appropriate hearing protection in certain situations, you run the risk of hearing loss and ringing in the ears sooner than later.

Tinnitus therapy

Depending on the causes, the treatment and therapy of tinnitus can take place in different ways - including acoustic stimulation, behavioral approaches, medicinal methods, magnetic and electrical brain stimulation or physiotherapy.

In acute cases, treatment is usually carried out with vitamin E supplements, magnesium, glucocorticoids such as B. cortisone, intravenous local anesthetics such as procaine and active ingredients that promote blood circulation (e.g. pentoxifylline). Depending on the cause of the tinnitus, treatment and therapy can be medication in tablet form or as an infusion (intravenous).

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