What are different careers in forensics

Forensic experts: all important job information at a glance!

The profession of forensic scientist suits you if ...

  • you about a high resilience have.
  • analytical skills belong to your repertoire.
  • abstract thinking is one of your strengths.
  • you already have one scientific understanding have.
  • you all with yours Organizational talent convince.
  • you varied tasks expect.
  • the Working with corpses doesn't scare you off.
  • you yourself with strong nerves and high concentration dedicate to your tasks.
  • you yourself with legal issues want to deal.

Table of Contents

  1. definition
  2. training
  3. tasks
  4. IT forensics
  5. salary
  6. Career prospects
  7. Alternative professions
  8. overview

Definition: forensics

The forensic science includes work areas that deal with the identification, analysis, reconstruction and investigation of criminal acts. it consists of several sub-areassuch as forensic medicine or computer forensics. Due to the different sub-areas, there are different training paths to be able to work in forensics.

Training to become a forensic scientist - procedure and requirements

Do you choose the Profession of forensic scientist, you first complete a Studying at a university. That's what you stand for different options and priorities to select. However, all options require a high school diploma or a technical college entrance qualification. Study forensics is possible at various universities - also as distance learning. The course can be completed either with a bachelor's or master's degree, depending on the duration of the course, between three and five years. Other academic qualifications, such as a subsequent promotion, are not uncommon in the profession and are particularly welcome in certain areas.

In terms of content, the forensics course includes both legal aspects and Basics of biology, physics, chemistry and psychology. The courses offered by the natural Science or computer science. Training to become a forensic scientist is very popular, but the job is also very demanding. In addition to the high study load that awaits you, you will be confronted daily with areas that some would rate as repulsive. Corpses, blood and co. Should not disturb you.

Recommended courses of study

Specializations for training to become a forensic scientist:

  • Legal psychology: Medical studies + five-year specialist training
  • Forensic medicine / forensic psychiatry: Bachelor's degree + specialization in Legal Psychology in the Master’s
  • Computer forensics: Degree in computer science
  • Chemistry, physics, biology: Natural science studies + possibly doctorate

The duties of forensic scientists

The forensic profession is waiting for you many varied tasksthat require a high level of concentration, patience and an eye for detail. You also need a good understanding of natural sciences and mathematics in order to be able to work on your everyday tasks as a forensic scientist. Since you have to provide an expert opinion on your work and your findings after each case, you should also be able to express yourself well. English is also required here.

You spend most of your work in one laboratoryin which you have different biological substances such as hair, bones or fibers take a close look at and examine. With the help of the analysis of these biological traces, you can make statements about the possible course of events or perpetrators at the crime scene. Blood or saliva samples give you information about the perpetrator's DNA. If you have fibers from the crime scene, you can find out what clothes the perpetrators were wearing and whether a fight may have taken place. Substances such as tablets or drugs can also help to better understand certain processes. So you follow the many small tracks in order to better understand the big picture and to be able to help clarify the case. Scientific forensic scientists mainly work in the laboratory and have little to no contact with the actual crime scene.

You will mainly work with federal and state criminal police offices, police authorities or public prosecutors who you support in their work. In certain cases you even have to present your findings in court as an expert.

Tasks in the different specializations:

  • Forensic Medicine: In forensic medicine, you perform examinations on living and dead bodies. Your duties will include a simple blood alcohol test as well as an autopsy.
  • Forensic Psychology / Psychiatry: In these areas, the care and assessment of mentally ill offenders is on your program.
  • Forensic genetics: In forensic genetics, for example, you examine DNA traces from a crime scene in order to convict the perpetrator.
  • Forensic ballistics: If you specialize in forensic ballistics, you investigate the use of firearms in a crime, which in turn gives you clues as to the possible course of events.
  • Forensic Entomology: In this area you are responsible for determining the actual time of death of a corpse. For example, certain insect finds on the found corpse can help you.

IT forensics specialization

S.Do you specialize in IT in the IT forensic scientists, you fight the growing one Cyber ​​crime. Because murder, fraud or even white-collar crime leave digital traces behind. With the help of IT forensics, these crimes can also be prosecuted and solved. Here you should be fit with the technology to track down hacking, phishing and the like.

The salary prospects of forensic scientists

If you work at the criminal investigation department, you will receive a forensic scientist Remuneration according to the pay regulations for the public service. The starting salary is thus around 2300 euros per month. With more professional years and experience, your salary also rises due to a tiered regulation, this can then be around 5000 euros gross per month.

The job prospects

In order to be able to work as a forensic scientist at the State or Federal Criminal Police Office, you should have one Doctorate in chemistry or biology can show, because jobs are hotly contested here. Particularly good application documents are a must here. Public institutions are also happy to fill positions internally. Other possible employers for forensic scientists are, for example, public prosecutors, customs authorities or the police. Especially companies that have specialized in IT security are desperately looking for forensic experts.

Alternative professions

Forensic biologist

Forensic biologists can specialize in genetics, entomology, microbiology or parasitology during their studies. During and after your studies you have to gain a lot of knowledge and professional experience, for example through internships, assistant positions or a doctorate.

Forensic technician

As Forensic Technician you are directly on the scene and secure important evidence directly on the spot to help solve criminal cases. Forensic scientists then continue to work in the laboratory with the evidence you have secured.

Other crime professions

As a forensic scientist, if you don't want to look for clues in the laboratory, you can choose between different ones Criminal professions choose. From the prosecutor to the Judge up to Judicial officer you have the choice between varied professions.

Overview: All information about the forensic scientist (m / f):

  • The job promises exciting and varied tasks, but not for the faint of heart.
  • You are completing a degree and have the choice between different specializations
  • You contribute to the Clarification of criminal offenses and murder cases at.
  • You spend most of your everyday life in Laboratories and examine Evidence from crime scenes.  
  • The profession is very competitive, but in addition to several possible specializations, you also have these Choice between different areas of application.